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Scientists Model Dynamic Instability of Cell's Skeleton

November 25, 2014 7:00 am | by Rice Univ. | News | Comments

New computer models that show how microtubules age are the first to match experimental results and help explain the dynamic processes behind an essential component of every living cell. The results could help scientists fine-tune medications that manipulate microtubules to treat cancer and other diseases.

Theory Explains How Glass Transforms into Solid

November 25, 2014 7:00 am | by NYU | News | Comments

In their theoretical work, spurred by laboratory observations of colloidal glasses, researchers...

Image of the Week: Robot Sheds Light on Sea Ice

November 25, 2014 7:00 am | by British Antarctic Survey | News | Comments

The first detailed, high-resolution 3-D maps of Antarctic sea ice have been developed using an...

FDA Heightens Warning on Cancer-linked Device

November 24, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press | News | Comments

U.S. regulators have strengthened their warning against the use of a once-popular device for...

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500,000 Photos Will Help Coral Reef

November 24, 2014 7:00 am | by The Univ. of Queensland | News | Comments

A picture is worth considerably more than a thousand words to marine scientists working on the Catlin Seaview Survey, as they study more than 500,000 images in research to improve coral reef health. They are analyzing 360-degree underwater images to perform a global marine environment health check.

Laser Accurately Measures Trees

November 21, 2014 2:00 pm | by Univ. College London | News | Comments

A terrestrial laser scanning technique that allows the structure of vegetation to be 3-D-mapped to the millimeter is more accurate in determining the biomass of trees and carbon stocks in forests than current methods, according to new research. The study authors believe it could be an important development in the monitoring of carbon stocks for worldwide climate policy-making.

Hand Dryers Can Spread Bacteria in Bathrooms

November 21, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Leeds | News | Comments

Modern hand dryers are much worse than paper towels when it comes to spreading germs, according to new research. A study found that airborne germ counts were 27 times higher around jet air dryers in comparison with the air around paper towel dispensers.

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Airborne Laser Finds Roman Goldmines

November 21, 2014 7:00 am | by Plataforma SINC | News | Comments

Hidden under the vegetation and crops of the Eria Valley, in León, Spain, there is a gold mining network created by the Romans two thousand years ago, as well as complex hydraulic works, such as river diversions, to divert water to the mines of the precious metal. Researchers made the discovery with an airborne laser teledetection system.

Kickstarter Funding to Pay for Moon Trip

November 20, 2014 2:00 pm | by The Conversation, Mahesh Anand | News | Comments

A British-led consortium has announced an ambitious space mission named Lunar Mission One that plans to land a robotic probe in the southern polar region of the moon in about a decade. The project will be solely funded by money raised through donations from the public. In order to achieve this, the project is using the funding platform Kickstarter to finance the next phase of development.

Tech Sheds New Light on Landslides

November 20, 2014 7:00 am | by Oregon State Univ. | News | Comments

Engineers have created a new way to use lidar technology to identify and classify landslides on a landscape scale, which may revolutionize the understanding of landslides in the U.S. and reveal them to be far more common and hazardous than often understood.

Professor Suggests Alternative to Turing Test

November 20, 2014 7:00 am | by Georgia Tech | News | Comments

Some applications of the Turing Test require a machine to engage in dialogue and convince a human judge that it is an actual person. Creating certain types of art also requires intelligence, observed a professor, prompting him to consider if that might lead to a better gauge of whether a machine can replicate human thought.

Technique Could Eliminate Animal Testing

November 19, 2014 2:00 pm | by Univ. of Cambridge | News | Comments

Scientists report a new method for establishing whether chemical compounds are safe for human use without in vivo testing, based on so-called "molecular initiating events" at the boundary between chemistry and biology.

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Aircraft Regulations Apply to Drones

November 18, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press, Joan Lowy | News | Comments

The government has the power to hold drone operators accountable when they operate the remote-control aircraft recklessly, a federal safety board ruled today in a setback to small drone operators chafing under FAA restrictions.

AI Creates Magic Tricks

November 18, 2014 7:00 am | by Queen Mary Univ. of London | Videos | Comments

Researchers gave a computer program the outline of how a magic jigsaw puzzle and a mind reading card trick work, as well as the results of experiments into how humans understand magic tricks. The system then created completely new variants on the tricks.

Grand Canyon Incentivizes Quieter Aircraft

November 18, 2014 7:00 am | by Associated Press, Felicia Fonseca | News | Comments

Air tour operators at the Grand Canyon would be able to take more visitors over the most popular flight routes under a proposed incentive to make aircraft quieter. The incentive would apply to the Dragon and Zuni Point corridors, which provide views of the widest and deepest parts of the canyon to the eastern edge.

Scientists: Sun Will Wake Comet Lander

November 17, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press, Frank Jordans | News | Comments

There is a strong chance Europe's comet lander will wake up from hibernation as it nears the sun, raising hopes for a second series of scientific measurements from the surface next year, scientists involved in the mission said today. Shortly before its primary battery ran out, ESA decided to attempt to tilt the lander's biggest solar panel toward the sun— a last-ditch maneuver that scientists believe may have paid off.

Real-world Robotics Inspired Big Hero 6

November 17, 2014 8:25 am | by DARPA | Videos | Comments

The giant, balloon-like inflatable robot named Baymax in Disney’s Big Hero 6 has its roots in real-world research conducted by iRobot Corporation, Carnegie Mellon Univ. and Otherlab under DARPA’s Maximum Mobility Manipulation (M3) program. The film’s co-director said he was inspired to cast Baymax as an air-filled, soft robot after he saw an inflatable robotic arm on a visit to Carnegie Mellon’s Robotics Institute.

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Comet Lander Starts Drilling, But Batteries a Worry

November 14, 2014 2:26 pm | by Associated Press, Geir Moulson | News | Comments

The good news: The spacecraft that landed on a comet has begun drilling beneath the surface to see what secrets the celestial body can reveal. The bad news: Scientists at the European Space Agency still don't know exactly where the lander is on the comet and are anxiously hoping its batteries hold out long enough for them to get the mining data and adjust the spacecraft's position.

New Crystalline Order has Crystal, Polycrystalline Properties

November 14, 2014 2:00 pm | by Vanderbilt Univ. | News | Comments

Since the 1850s scientists have known that crystalline materials are organized into fourteen different basic lattice structures. However, a team of researchers is reporting that it has discovered an entirely new form of crystalline order that simultaneously exhibits both crystal and polycrystalline properties, which they describe as "interlaced crystals."

Van Gogh’s Paint Studied to Aid Conservation

November 14, 2014 7:00 am | by The Univ. of Queensland | News | Comments

A minute paint sample from Vincent van Gogh’s “Sunflowers” painting in Amsterdam is under the microscope. The tiny sample from the Van Gogh Museum is being examined with high resolution 3-D imaging. The analysis is designed to improve understanding of the aging characteristics of significant artworks in a bid to improve conservation techniques.

Supercomputers Enable High-res Climate Models

November 14, 2014 7:00 am | by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | Videos | Comments

Not long ago, it would have taken several years to run a high-resolution simulation on a global climate model. But using some of the most powerful supercomputers now available, a climate scientist was able to complete a run in just three months.

Imaging Method Could Improve Asthma Treatment

November 14, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Cambridge | News | Comments

A new method of observing exactly what happens to drug particles as they travel from an asthma inhaler to the lungs could lead to the development of more efficient asthma treatments. A team of researchers have used a laser beam trap to examine how drug particles from asthma inhalers behave as they are projected through the air.

Study Could Expand Hard Cider Industry

November 14, 2014 7:00 am | by Washington State Univ. | News | Comments

A new study shows that mechanical harvesting of cider apples can provide labor and cost savings without affecting fruit, juice or cider quality. The study is one of several focused on cider apple production in Washington state. It was conducted in response to growing demand for hard cider apples in the state and nation.

Wikipedia Forecasts Outbreaks 28 Days in Advance

November 13, 2014 2:00 pm | by PLOS | News | Comments

Analyzing page views of Wikipedia articles could make it possible to monitor and forecast diseases around the globe, according to research. A team used the site to successfully monitored influenza outbreaks in the U.S., Poland, Japan and Thailand, dengue fever in Brazil and Thailand and tuberculosis in China and Thailand.

Pocket-sized Atomic Clocks?

November 13, 2014 7:00 am | by MIT, Jennifer Chu | News | Comments

The international standard for time is set by atomic clocks— room-sized apparatuses that keep time by measuring the natural vibration of atoms in a vacuum. Now, researchers have come up with a new approach to atomic timekeeping that may enable more stable and accurate portable atomic clocks, potentially the size of a Rubik’s cube.

Research Key to Warmer Superconductors

November 13, 2014 7:00 am | by SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory | News | Comments

A new study suggests how scientists might deliberately engineer superconductors that work at higher temperatures. These findings open a new chapter in the 30-year quest to develop superconductors that operate at room temperature, which could revolutionize society by making virtually everything that runs on electricity much more efficient.

Craft Lands on Comet, But Anchors May Not Have Deployed

November 12, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press, Frank Jordans | News | Comments

A European spacecraft made history today by successfully landing on the icy, dusty surface of a speeding comet— an audacious cosmic first designed to answer big questions about the origin of the universe. However, two harpoons that were meant to anchor it to the comet appeared not to have fired.

Robot to Land on Comet Tomorrow

November 11, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press/ESA | News | Comments

The final countdown is approaching for one of the most audacious space adventures ever— the European Space Agency's attempt to land a robot on a comet. The maneuver marks the climax of the unmanned Rosetta space probe's decade-long journey to study comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

Fukushima Radioactivity Detected Off U.S. Coast

November 11, 2014 2:00 pm | by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution | News | Comments

Monitoring efforts along the Pacific Coast of the U.S. and Canada have detected the presence of small amounts of radioactivity from the 2011 Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident 100 miles due west of Eureka, Calif. Scientists found the trace amounts of telltale radioactive compounds as part of their ongoing monitoring of natural and human sources of radioactivity in the ocean.

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