Kristian Carlson and a team from Wits Univ. studying the Taung Child— South Africa’s premier hominin— have cast doubt on the idea that this early hominin shows infant brain development in the prefrontal region similar to that of modern humans.
Maurice Ohayon from the Stanford Univ. School of Medicine found that one in seven people suffers...
Martin Smith and a team from the Univ. of Cambridge found how a mysterious, long-extinct worm-...
Alan Feduccia and Stephen Czerkas found that a birdlike fossil, called a Scansoriopteryx, is not a dinosaur, as previously thought, but much rather the remains of a tiny tree-climbing animal that could glide. Their find challenges the commonly held belief that birds evolved from ground-dwelling theropod dinosaurs that gained the ability to fly.
Thomas Bosch and a team from Kiel Univ. have found that cancer has existed for as long as multi-cellular life.
Tim Kohler and a team from Washington State Univ. studied one of the greatest baby booms in North American history and shed light on the dangers of overpopulation.
Jeffrey Bada and a team from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego analyzed samples of prebiotic materials created in 1958 by the famous chemist Stanley Miller.
John VandeBerg and a team from the Texas Biomedical Research Institute have established unequivocally, in a natural animal model, that the incidence of malignant melanoma in adulthood can be dramatically reduced by the consistent use of sunscreen in infancy and childhood.
Jon Major and a team from the Univ. of Liverpool found that a chemical used to make tofu and bath salts could also replace a highly toxic and expensive substance used to make solar cells.
Daniele Lantagne and a team found that the EPA’s recommendations for treating water after a natural disaster or other emergencies call for more chlorine bleach than is necessary to kill disease-causing pathogens, and are often impractical to carry out.
Kees Jan van Groenigen and Bruce Hungate found that increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere cause soil microbes to produce more carbon dioxide, accelerating climate change.
Donita Brady and a team from Duke Univ. found that drugs used to block copper absorption may find an additional use as a treatment for certain types of cancer.
Wieger Wamelink and a team from Wageningen Univ. discovered that Martian soil could, in theory, be used to cultivate crops.
By analyzing temperature data all the way back to 1500, Shaun Lovejoy from McGill Univ. all but ruled out the possibility that global warming in the industrial era is just a natural fluctuation in the Earth’s climate.
Verano-Braga and a team from the Univ. of Southern Denmark discovered that nanosilver can penetrate our cells and cause damage.
Thomas Junk and a team from the Univ. of Louisiana at Lafayette developed a method to turn fat from alligators and other animals into biofuel.
Arif Cetin and a team from EPFL have developed an "optical lab on a chip,” a hand-held device that can quickly analyze up to 170,000 different molecules in a blood sample.
Nir Krakauer, from the City College of New York, worked with his father and found that a technique, known as A Body Shape Index (ABSI), is a more effective predictor of mortality than Body Mass Index (BMI), the most common measure used to define obesity.
Graham Kendall and Phil Hingston from the Univ. of Nottingham solved the famous knight’s tour chess problem with ants.
Yael Vodovotz and a team from The Ohio State Univ. used black raspberry-based foods to see if they could improve post-surgery outcomes for men with prostate cancer.
Cristian Varela and a team from the Australian Wine Research Institute found that special yeast can produce a lower level of alcohol in wine, helping to preserve the flavor.
Jens Krog and a team from the Univ. of Southern Denmark preformed new calculations that confirm that the universe may one day collapse– and they concluded that the risk of a collapse is even greater than previously thought.
Julie Boergers and a team from Lifespan linked later school start times to improved sleep and mood in teens.
Theodore Garland and a team from UC Riverside found that Darwin was right: island lizards exhibit less fear and appear “tame.”
Herman Pontzer, of Hunter College, and a team made up of individuals from many organizations found that humans and other primates burn 50 percent fewer calories each day than other mammals.
James Wray and a team from the Georgia Institute of Technology found that Mars is much more geologically complex than believed and has a mineral found in granite, known as feldspar.
Robert Hazen from the Carnegie Institution for Science compiled a list of every plausible mineral species on the early Earth and concluded that no more than 420 different minerals would have been present at or near Earth’s surface.
Maki Inoue-Choi and a team from the Univ. of Minnesota School of Public Health found that postmenopausal women who consumed sugar-sweetened beverages were more likely to develop the most common type of endometrial cancer compared with women who did not drink sugar-sweetened beverages.
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