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Proposed Particle May Help Find Dark Matter

January 29, 2015 3:00 pm | by Univ. of Southampton | News | Comments

Researchers have proposed a new fundamental particle that could explain why no one has managed to detect Dark Matter, the elusive missing 85 percent of the Universe’s mass. Despite compelling indirect evidence and considerable experimental effort, no one has managed to detect Dark Matter directly.

Car Fatalities Plunged in Three Years

January 29, 2015 3:00 pm | by Associated Press, Joan Lowy | News | Comments

The chances of dying in a crash in a late-model car or light truck fell by more than a third...

Women Less Welcome Than Men in Fields Demanding Brilliance

January 29, 2015 3:00 pm | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer, Bioscience Technology | Articles | Comments

Women are less welcome than men in fields— including philosophy, physics, math and music...

Metal Physics Mystery Explains Earth's Magnetic Field

January 29, 2015 7:00 am | by Carnegie Institution | News | Comments

Earth's magnetic field is crucial for our existence, as it shields the life on our planet...

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National Lab Scientist Gets Five Years for Spying

January 28, 2015 3:00 pm | by Associated Press, Russell Contreras | News | Comments

A former Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist who pleaded guilty to trying to help Venezuela develop a nuclear weapon was sentenced today to five years in prison and three years of supervised release. According to a 22-count indictment, he told an undercover agent that he could help Venezuela develop a nuclear bomb within 10 years.

Oversight of Gas Pipelines Has Systemic Flaws

January 28, 2015 7:00 am | by Associated Press, Joan Lowy | News | Comments

Three powerful accidents in recent years show systemic weaknesses in how natural gas providers maintain the largest pipelines in their networks, accident investigators said, as they issued more than two dozen safety recommendations.

CERN Releases Broadest Set of Data on Higgs Boson

January 28, 2015 7:00 am | by CERN | News | Comments

With the Large Hadron Collider preparing to restart in a few months, data from its first run has already been bearing fruit. A recent publication brings together the broadest set of results to date about the properties of the Higgs boson.

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Bulletproof Batteries May Stop Plane Fires

January 27, 2015 3:00 pm | by Univ. of Michigan | News | Comments

A Kevlar membrane can enable more durable batteries that adapt to various environments. The membrane should be able to prevent the type of short circuit that is thought to have caused the Boeing 787 battery fires of 2013.

Radar of Greenland's Ice Sheds Light on History

January 27, 2015 7:00 am | by The Univ. of Texas at Austin | Videos | Comments

Scientists using ice-penetrating radar data collected by NASA’s Operation IceBridge and earlier airborne campaigns have built the first comprehensive map of layers deep inside the Greenland Ice Sheet, opening a window on past climate conditions and the ice sheet’s potentially perilous future.

Data Binging is Bad for the Environment

January 26, 2015 2:00 pm | by The Conversation, Mike Hazas | News | Comments

It’s great that it’s so easy to keep in contact with close friends and family, almost anywhere in the world. Yet, at a time when we are battling to keep carbon emissions under control, can we really justify the energy consumption involved in streaming cat videos in ever-higher definition?

Drones Key to Future Food Supply

January 26, 2015 2:00 pm | by Associated Press, Mary Jalonick | News | Comments

Drone technology, already used in other countries, can make farmers more efficient by helping them locate problem spots in vast fields or ranchlands. Increased efficiency could mean lower costs for consumers and less impact on the environment if farmers used fewer chemicals because drones showed them exactly where to spray.

Possible Drone Found on White House Grounds

January 26, 2015 8:27 am | by Associated Press, Nedra Pickler | News | Comments

A device, possibly an unmanned aerial drone, was found on the White House grounds during the middle of the night while President Barack Obama and the first lady were in India, but his spokesman said Monday that it posed no threat.

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Can a Trick Save You Money at the Pump?

January 26, 2015 7:00 am | by The Conversation, Tim Trudgian | Videos | Comments

Fuel prices may be at historic lows at the moment but when they rise again, what is the best strategy to save money at the pump? One theory on how to conserve fuel is to put less of it in your tank. The thinking is that you carry around less weight in the car, which means the engine does not have to work as much, which means saving on fuel.

Research Recreates Planet Formation, Super-earths in Lab

January 23, 2015 7:00 am | by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | News | Comments

New laser-driven compression experiments reproduce the conditions deep inside exotic super-Earths and giant planet cores, and the conditions during the violent birth of Earth-like planets, documenting the material properties that determined planets' formation and evolution processes.

Experiments, Simulations Shed Light on Collagen’s Force

January 22, 2015 3:00 pm | by MIT, David Chandler | News | Comments

Research combining experimental work and detailed molecular simulations has revealed, for the first time, the complex role that water plays in collagen— a protein that is a component of tendons, bone, skin and other structural tissues in the body.

Dino-killing Asteroid Didn't Cause Global Firestorms

January 22, 2015 3:00 pm | by Univ. of Exeter | News | Comments

Scientists recreated the energy released from an extraterrestrial collision with Earth that occurred around the time that dinosaurs became extinct. They found that the intense, but short-lived, heat near the impact site could not have ignited live plants, debunking the theory that the impact led to global firestorms.

Westinghouse Atom Smasher to Be Preserved

January 22, 2015 7:00 am | by Associated Press | News | Comments

A developer has knocked over the Westinghouse atom smasher east of Pittsburgh but plans to preserve the structure no matter what happens to the property it was on. The brick building at the base of the five-story, light bulb-shaped atom smasher was in too much disrepair to save.

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Lasers Make Metal Surfaces Extremely Water-repellent

January 22, 2015 7:00 am | by Univ. of Rochester | Videos | Comments

Scientists have used lasers to transform metals into extremely water repellent, or super-hydrophobic, materials without the need for temporary coatings. Super-hydrophobic materials are desirable for a number of applications such as rust prevention, anti-icing or even in sanitation uses. However, most current hydrophobic materials rely on chemical coatings.

Keyboard Cleans, Powers Itself, IDs You

January 21, 2015 3:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

In a novel twist in cybersecurity, scientists have developed a self-cleaning, self-powered smart keyboard that can identify computer users by the way they type. The device could help prevent unauthorized users from gaining direct access to computers.

Turing's Notebook to Be Auctioned

January 21, 2015 3:00 pm | by Associated Press | News | Comments

A handwritten notebook by Alan Turing, the World War II code-breaking genius, is going on the auction block. The 56-page manuscript was written at the time the British mathematician and computer science pioneer was working to break the seemingly unbreakable Enigma codes used by the Germans throughout World War II. It is expected to bring at least $1 million.

Implantable Fibers Deliver Drugs to the Brain

January 21, 2015 7:00 am | by MIT, David Chandler | Videos | Comments

By producing complex multimodal fibers that could be less than the width of a hair, researchers have created a system that could deliver optical signals and drugs directly into the brain, along with simultaneous electrical readout to continuously monitor the effects of the various inputs.

Today in Lab History: John Fitch

January 21, 2015 7:00 am | by Lily Barback, Associate Editor | News | Comments

Born in Windsor, Connecticut, on Jan. 21, 1743, John Fitch was a clockmaker, engineer and inventor who is known for introducing steamboats to the U.S. In 1785, he designed the first American steamboat. Unable to secure the money for his venture, he instead persuaded states to give him a 14-year monopoly on steamboat traffic.

Japan to Sell Nonsensical Robots

January 20, 2015 3:00 pm | by Associated Press, Yuri Kageyama | News | Comments

The scientist behind a new talking robot in Japan says people should stop expecting robots to understand them, and instead try to chime in with robotic conversations. The 11-inch tall button-eyed Sota, which stands for "social talker," is programmed to mainly talk with a fellow robot, and won't be trying too hard to understand human speech— the major, and often frustrating, drawback of companion robots.

Kid Launches Company with LEGO-based Braille Printer

January 20, 2015 3:00 pm | by Associated Press, Terence Chea | News | Comments

In Silicon Valley, it's never too early to become an entrepreneur. Just ask 13-year-old Shubham Banerjee. The California eighth-grader has launched a company to develop low-cost machines to print Braille, the tactile writing system for the visually impaired. Tech giant Intel Corp. recently invested in his startup.

Solar Plane Pioneers Plan Global Route

January 20, 2015 3:00 pm | by Associated Press, Adam Schreck | News | Comments

The team behind a solar-powered aircraft that is attempting to fly around the world says the clean-energy plane will stop in India, China and the U.S. in a historic journey. The lightweight Solar Impulse 2, a larger version of a single-seat prototype that first flew five years ago, is aiming to become the first plane ever to circumnavigate the globe using only the power of the sun to drive its four propellers.

X-rays Shed Light on Scrolls Buried by Volcano

January 20, 2015 3:00 pm | by Associated Press, Frank Jordans | News | Comments

Scientists have succeeded in reading parts of an ancient scroll that was buried in a volcanic eruption almost 2,000 years ago, holding out the promise that the world's oldest surviving library may one day reveal all of its secrets. The scroll is among hundreds retrieved from the remains of a lavish villa at Herculaneum that, along with Pompeii, was one of several Roman towns that were destroyed when Mt. Vesuvius erupted in A.D. 79.

SpaceX Releases Video of Crash Landing's Explosion

January 20, 2015 8:34 am | by Associated Press | Videos | Comments

SpaceX has released dramatic footage of its booster rocket trying to land on a floating ocean barge after a launch — an unprecedented attempt that ended in a fiery explosion. The video shows the 14-story rocket hitting the football field-sized barge at an angle, lighting up the night sky off the Florida coast.

Scientists See Cosmic Burst of Radio Waves

January 20, 2015 7:00 am | by Niels Bohr Institute, Univ. of Copenhagen | News | Comments

A strange phenomenon has been observed by astronomers right as it was happening — a “fast radio burst.” The eruption was described as an extremely short, sharp flash of radio waves from an unknown source in the universe.

Researchers Study Quasars in the Early Universe

January 19, 2015 7:00 am | by Univ. of Cambridge | News | Comments

Two teams of astronomers have looked back nearly 13 billion years, when the Universe was less than 10 percent its present age, to determine how quasars— extremely luminous objects powered by supermassive black holes— regulate the formation of stars and the build-up of the most massive galaxies. They found that a quasar spits out cold gas at speeds up to 2,000 kilometers per second, and across distances of nearly 200,000 light years.

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