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Mantis Shrimp Key to Stronger Airplanes

April 24, 2014 7:00 am | by UC Riverside | Videos | Comments

Inspired by the fist-like club of a mantis shrimp, a team of researchers has developed a design structure for composite materials that is more impact resistant and tougher than the standard used in airplanes.

Researchers Steer Chemical Reactions with Laser Pulses

April 24, 2014 7:00 am | by Vienna Univ. of Technology | News | Comments

Usually, chemical reactions just take their course, much like a ball rolling downhill. However,...

Physicist Demonstrates How the OED Was Wrong

April 23, 2014 12:00 pm | by Queensland Univ. of Technology | News | Comments

In 2010, a physicist spotted a mistake in the prestigious Oxford English Dictionary that had...

Graphene, Nanotubes Pair for Ultracapacitors

April 23, 2014 7:00 am | by American Institute of Physics | News | Comments

By combining the powers of two single-atom-thick carbon structures, researchers have created a...

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Nanostructures Trap Photons in Ultrathin Solar Cells

April 23, 2014 7:00 am | by Stanford Univ. | Videos | Comments

In the quest to make sun power more competitive, researchers are designing ultrathin solar cells that cut material costs. At the same time, they’re keeping these thin cells efficient by sculpting their surfaces with photovoltaic nanostructures that behave like a molecular hall of mirrors.

Researcher Takes Step Toward Nanoscale Electronics

April 22, 2014 12:00 pm | by Univ. of Rochester | News | Comments

Scientists are facing a number of barriers as they try to develop circuits that are microscopic in size, including how to reliably control the current that flows through a circuit that is the width of a single molecule. Now, an assistant professor of chemical engineering has done just that, thereby taking us one step closer to nanoscale circuitry.

Old Tires Help Make New, Improved Roads

April 22, 2014 12:00 pm | by NSF | News | Comments

A scientist is experimenting with "crumb" rubber— ground up tires of different-sized particles— to improve the rubberized road materials that a number of states are already using to enhance aging asphalt.

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LED Light May Aid Skin

April 22, 2014 12:00 pm | by Stony Brook Univ. | News | Comments

LEDs have the potential to be used for both indoor lighting applications and in wound healing therapy, taking the place of lasers, according to research.

Material Coating Tech Mimics Lotus Effect

April 22, 2014 7:00 am | by Virginia Tech | Videos | Comments

Using a two-step technique, scientists have produced a low-cost and simple approach for coating metallic surfaces with an enduring superhydrophobic film of copper.

Physicists Push Parkinson’s Treatment Toward Trials

April 22, 2014 7:00 am | by Michigan State Univ. | News | Comments

Research shows that a small “molecular tweezer” keeps proteins from clumping— the first step of neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and Huntington’s disease.

Stem Cells Shown to Exhibit Unusual Property

April 21, 2014 12:02 pm | by Univ. of Cambridge | News | Comments

Stem cells demonstrate a bizarre property never before seen at a cellular level. The property, known as auxeticity, is one that may have application as wide-ranging as soundproofing, super-absorbent sponges and bulletproof vests.

Quantum Turbulence Key to Unlocking Physics Mysteries

April 21, 2014 12:00 pm | by New York Univ. | News | Comments

The recent discovery of the Higgs boson has confirmed theories about the origin of mass and, with it, offered the potential to explain other scientific mysteries. But, scientists are continually studying other, less-understood forces— including quantum turbulence— that may also shed light on matters not yet uncovered.

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Under Some LEDs, Different Whites May Appear Uniform

April 21, 2014 7:00 am | by Penn State Univ. | News | Comments

For years, companies have been adding whiteners to laundry detergent, paints, plastics, paper and fabrics to make whites look "whiter than white." But now, with a switch away from incandescent and fluorescent lighting, different degrees of whites may all look the same.

Gecko-inspired Adhesive Now Has Real World Uses

April 18, 2014 1:18 pm | by Univ. of Massachusetts Amherst | News | Comments

A team of inventors has created a new, more versatile version of their creation, Geckskin, which can adhere strongly to a wider range of surfaces, yet releases easily, like a gecko’s feet.

'Dressed' Laser May Induce Rain, Lightning

April 18, 2014 1:03 pm | by Univ. of Central Florida | News | Comments

Researchers are developing a new technique to aim a high-energy laser beam into clouds to make it rain or trigger lightning.

Researchers Grow Material One Level at a Time

April 18, 2014 7:00 am | by Penn State Materials Research Institute | News | Comments

Researchers have shown the ability to grow high-quality, single-layer materials one on top of the other using chemical vapor deposition.

Team Visualizes New Crystallization Process

April 18, 2014 7:00 am | by Stanford School of Engineering | News | Comments

Researchers have combined a tiny, bright X-ray beam with high-speed X-ray cameras to shoot a movie showing how organic molecules form different types of ordered structures or crystals.

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World’s Longest-running Experiment has First Change in 13 Years

April 18, 2014 7:00 am | by The Univ. of Queensland | Videos | Comments

After a wait of more than 13 years, the ninth drop of pitch collided ever so slowly with the eighth drop in the Pitch Drop Experiment. The experiment was set up in 1927 to demonstrate that solid materials can flow like liquids.

Electrically Controlled Polymer Changes its Properties

April 18, 2014 7:00 am | by Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences | News | Comments

Electrically controlled glasses with continuously adjustable transparency, new polarization filters and even chemosensors capable of detecting single molecules of specific chemicals could be fabricated thanks to a new polymer that unprecedentedly combines optical and electrical properties.

Bionic Ankle Mimics Biology

April 17, 2014 12:00 pm | by MIT, Rob Matheson | News | Comments

An associate professor of media arts and sciences gets about 100 emails daily from people across the world interested in his bionic limbs. He designs— and wears— bionic leg prostheses that he says, “emulate nature,” by mimicking the functions and power of biological knees, ankles and calves.

Method Shows Excitons in Motion

April 17, 2014 7:00 am | by MIT, David Chandler | News | Comments

A new technique has revealed the motion of energy-carrying quasiparticles, called excitons, in solid material for the first time.

Floating Nuclear Plants Could Eliminate Disasters

April 17, 2014 7:00 am | by MIT, David Chandler | Videos | Comments

A new design for nuclear plants built on floating platforms, modeled after those used for offshore oil drilling, could help avoid disasters in the future. Such floating plants would be designed to be automatically cooled by the surrounding seawater in a worst-case scenario, which would indefinitely prevent any melting of fuel rods, or escape of radioactive material.

Composite Materials Can Repeatedly Heal Themselves

April 16, 2014 1:32 pm | by Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology | News | Comments

Scientists have created a 3-D vascular system that allows for high-performance composite materials, such as fiberglass, to heal autonomously, and repeatedly.

Saturn’s Rings Shed Light on Moon Formation

April 16, 2014 7:00 am | by Queen Mary Univ. of London | News | Comments

Disturbances at the very edge of Saturn's outer bright A ring, which result from a small icy object, have given scientists an insight into how moons are made.

Metals Extend Biomedical Potential

April 16, 2014 7:00 am | by Monash Univ. | News | Comments

From dental implants that are light, strong and porous enough to bond with bone to surgical implants that dissolve over time, modified metals are dramatically extending biomedical potential.

Ceramic Materials Improve Hydrogen Storage

April 16, 2014 7:00 am | by UC San Diego | News | Comments

Engineers have created new ceramic materials that could be used to store hydrogen safely and efficiently. They also have demonstrated that the compounds could be manufactured using a simple, low-cost manufacturing method known as combustion synthesis.

Researchers Study Volcanoes with Man-made Explosions

April 16, 2014 7:00 am | by The Conversation, Robin Andrews | Videos | Comments

We can learn a lot about volcanoes by studying explosions. The more we can learn about their explosive behavior, the more chance we have of saving lives when they suddenly erupt.

Method May Impede Illicit Nuclear Trafficking

April 16, 2014 7:00 am | by American Institute of Physics | News | Comments

Coupling commercially available spectral X-ray detectors with a specialized algorithm can improve the detection of uranium and plutonium in small, layered objects such as baggage. This approach enhances the detection powers of X-ray imaging and may provide a new tool to impede nuclear trafficking.

Green, Low-cost, Efficient Forklifts Coming Soon

April 15, 2014 1:17 pm | by Sandia National Laboratories | News | Comments

Zero-emission hydrogen fuel cell systems soon could be powering the forklifts used in warehouses and other industrial settings at lower costs and with faster refueling times than ever before.

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