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Gecko-inspired Adhesive Now Has Real World Uses

April 18, 2014 1:18 pm | by Univ. of Massachusetts Amherst | News | Comments

A team of inventors has created a new, more versatile version of their creation, Geckskin, which can adhere strongly to a wider range of surfaces, yet releases easily, like a gecko’s feet.

'Dressed' Laser May Induce Rain, Lightning

April 18, 2014 1:03 pm | by Univ. of Central Florida | News | Comments

Researchers are developing a new technique to aim a high-energy laser beam into clouds to make...

Electrically Controlled Polymer Changes its Properties

April 18, 2014 7:00 am | by Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences | News | Comments

Electrically controlled glasses with continuously adjustable transparency, new polarization...

World’s Longest-running Experiment has First Change in 13 Years

April 18, 2014 7:00 am | by The Univ. of Queensland | Videos | Comments

After a wait of more than 13 years, the ninth drop of pitch collided ever so slowly with the...

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Electrically Controlled Polymer Changes its Properties

April 18, 2014 7:00 am | by Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences | News | Comments

Electrically controlled glasses with continuously adjustable transparency, new polarization filters and even chemosensors capable of detecting single molecules of specific chemicals could be fabricated thanks to a new polymer that unprecedentedly combines optical and electrical properties.

Researchers Grow Material One Level at a Time

April 18, 2014 7:00 am | by Penn State Materials Research Institute | News | Comments

Researchers have shown the ability to grow high-quality, single-layer materials one on top of the other using chemical vapor deposition.

Bionic Ankle Mimics Biology

April 17, 2014 12:00 pm | by MIT, Rob Matheson | News | Comments

An associate professor of media arts and sciences gets about 100 emails daily from people across the world interested in his bionic limbs. He designs— and wears— bionic leg prostheses that he says, “emulate nature,” by mimicking the functions and power of biological knees, ankles and calves.

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Floating Nuclear Plants Could Eliminate Disasters

April 17, 2014 7:00 am | by MIT, David Chandler | Videos | Comments

A new design for nuclear plants built on floating platforms, modeled after those used for offshore oil drilling, could help avoid disasters in the future. Such floating plants would be designed to be automatically cooled by the surrounding seawater in a worst-case scenario, which would indefinitely prevent any melting of fuel rods, or escape of radioactive material.

Method Shows Excitons in Motion

April 17, 2014 7:00 am | by MIT, David Chandler | News | Comments

A new technique has revealed the motion of energy-carrying quasiparticles, called excitons, in solid material for the first time.

Composite Materials Can Repeatedly Heal Themselves

April 16, 2014 1:32 pm | by Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology | News | Comments

Scientists have created a 3-D vascular system that allows for high-performance composite materials, such as fiberglass, to heal autonomously, and repeatedly.

Metals Extend Biomedical Potential

April 16, 2014 7:00 am | by Monash Univ. | News | Comments

From dental implants that are light, strong and porous enough to bond with bone to surgical implants that dissolve over time, modified metals are dramatically extending biomedical potential.

Researchers Study Volcanoes with Man-made Explosions

April 16, 2014 7:00 am | by The Conversation, Robin Andrews | Videos | Comments

We can learn a lot about volcanoes by studying explosions. The more we can learn about their explosive behavior, the more chance we have of saving lives when they suddenly erupt.

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Ceramic Materials Improve Hydrogen Storage

April 16, 2014 7:00 am | by UC San Diego | News | Comments

Engineers have created new ceramic materials that could be used to store hydrogen safely and efficiently. They also have demonstrated that the compounds could be manufactured using a simple, low-cost manufacturing method known as combustion synthesis.

Method May Impede Illicit Nuclear Trafficking

April 16, 2014 7:00 am | by American Institute of Physics | News | Comments

Coupling commercially available spectral X-ray detectors with a specialized algorithm can improve the detection of uranium and plutonium in small, layered objects such as baggage. This approach enhances the detection powers of X-ray imaging and may provide a new tool to impede nuclear trafficking.

Saturn’s Rings Shed Light on Moon Formation

April 16, 2014 7:00 am | by Queen Mary Univ. of London | News | Comments

Disturbances at the very edge of Saturn's outer bright A ring, which result from a small icy object, have given scientists an insight into how moons are made.

Green, Low-cost, Efficient Forklifts Coming Soon

April 15, 2014 1:17 pm | by Sandia National Laboratories | News | Comments

Zero-emission hydrogen fuel cell systems soon could be powering the forklifts used in warehouses and other industrial settings at lower costs and with faster refueling times than ever before.

Lasers Enable Observation of Frantic Electrons

April 15, 2014 12:00 pm | by Univ. of Kansas | News | Comments

A research team has used high-powered lasers to track the speed and movement of electrons inside an innovative material that is just one atom thick.

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Quantum Dots Offer Solar Cells a Bright Future

April 15, 2014 7:00 am | by Los Alamos National Laboratory | News | Comments

A project has demonstrated that the superior light-emitting properties of quantum dots can be applied in solar energy by helping more efficiently harvest sunlight.

Image of the Week: How to Wash Eyes in Space

April 15, 2014 7:00 am | by ESA | News | Comments

Imagine you are an astronaut on the ISS and a fleck of dust gets in your eye. How do you wash it out? Engineers came up with the idea seen in this picture.

Researchers Redirect Sunlight to Urban Alleys

April 15, 2014 7:00 am | by The Optical Society | News | Comments

Egyptian researchers have developed a corrugated, translucent panel that redirects sunlight onto narrow streets and alleyways. The panel is mounted on rooftops and hung over the edge at an angle, where it spreads sunlight onto the street below.

Material Stores Sun's Heat for Power When It's Cloudy

April 14, 2014 12:26 pm | by MIT, David Chandler | News | Comments

The problem with solar power is that sometimes the sun doesn’t shine. Now, scientists have come up with an ingenious workaround— a material that can absorb the sun’s heat and store that energy in chemical form, ready to be released again on demand.

Ecologists Research Fish-safe Dams

April 14, 2014 12:00 pm | by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory | News | Comments

Ecologists say findings from a collaboration that spans four continents can improve our understanding of hydropower and will benefit fish around the globe.

Sunlight Generates Hydrogen in Silicon

April 11, 2014 7:00 am | by Penn State Univ. | News | Comments

Porous silicon, manufactured in a bottom up procedure using solar energy, can be used to generate hydrogen from water, according to mechanical engineers, who also see applications for batteries, biosensors and optical electronics as outlets for this new material.

Filter Recovers 80 Percent of Gold in Cell Phone Scrap

April 11, 2014 7:00 am | by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland | News | Comments

Cell phone scrap can contain precious metals, such as gold and copper. Now, researchers have developed a biological filter, made of mushroom mycelium mats, enabling recovery of as much as 80 percent of the gold in electronic scrap.

Physicists Announce Inexplicable Particle

April 10, 2014 12:00 pm | by The Conversation, Harry Cliff | News | Comments

Researchers who run one of four large experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have announced one of the most genuinely exciting observations to come out of the 27 km super-collider so far– an exotic particle that cannot be explained by current theories.

Spray Gun Creates Self-assembling Nanoparticle Films

April 10, 2014 12:00 pm | by Texas A&M Univ. | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a simple approach to applying a coating of thin, flat nanoplatelets— using a common spray gun— that spontaneously self-assemble into “nanowalls.” The nanowalls act as rigid barriers that prevent oxygen gas from reaching the surface of objects prone to corrosion.

Biologists, Engineers Develop Bacterial ‘FM Radio’

April 10, 2014 7:00 am | by UC San Diego | News | Comments

Researchers in the emerging field of synthetic biology have designed a tool box of small genetic components that act as intracellular switches, logic gates, counters and oscillators.

Electron Behavior Find is Key to Next-gen Solar Cells, Catalysts

April 10, 2014 7:00 am | by Vienna Univ. of Technology | News | Comments

Experiments have explained the behavior of electrons at tiny step edges on titanium oxide surfaces. This is important for solar cell technology and novel, more effective catalysts.

‘Switch’ Could Power Quantum Computers

April 10, 2014 7:00 am | by MIT, Peter Dizikes | News | Comments

Using a laser to place individual rubidium atoms near the surface of a lattice of light, scientists have developed a new method for connecting particles— one that could help in the development of powerful quantum computing systems.

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