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Physicists Shed Light on Strange Medical Condition

April 1, 2015 7:00 am | by Institute of Physics | News | Comments

Physicists have shed light on the intricate dynamics underpinning a mysterious tongue condition that has been puzzling the medical community for decades. Known as geographic tongue, the condition affects around 2 percent of the population and is characterized by evolving red patches on the surface of the tongue that can have a map-like resemblance.

Upgraded Equipment Leads to Lower Methane Emissions

April 1, 2015 7:00 am | by Washington State Univ. | News | Comments

Research has found that methane emissions from local natural gas distribution systems in cities...

Seahorses’ Tails are Clues to Flexible, Strong Devices

April 1, 2015 7:00 am | by Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology | News | Comments

Researchers are making progress in using computer modeling and 3-D shape analysis to understand...

Better Traffic Lights Would Aid Environment

March 31, 2015 3:00 pm | by MIT, David Chandler | News | Comments

Sitting in traffic during rush hour is not just frustrating for drivers; it also adds...

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Semiconductor Tech Key to ‘Google Maps’ for Human Body

March 31, 2015 7:00 am | by Univ. of New South Wales | Videos | Comments

Previously top-secret technology that zooms through the human body down to the level of a single cell could be a game-changer for medicine. The imaging technology, developed by high-tech German optical and industrial measurement manufacturer Zeiss, was originally developed to scan silicon wafers for defects.

Plants Enable Extremely Accurate Temperature Sensor

March 31, 2015 7:00 am | by ETH Zurich | News | Comments

In order to develop an extremely sensitive temperature sensor, researchers took a close look at temperature-sensitive plants. However, they did not mimic the properties of the plants— instead, they developed a hybrid material that contains, in addition to synthetic components, the plant cells themselves.  

Technology Fails to See Inside Fukushima

March 27, 2015 3:00 pm | by Associated Press, Yuri Kageyama | News | Comments

Cutting-edge technology was billed as a way to decipher where exactly the morass of nuclear fuel might sit at the bottom of reactors in the Japanese power plant that went into multiple meltdowns four years ago. But the technology went wrong today during a simple demonstration for reporters. It’s a sobering reminder of the enormous challenges that lie ahead for the decommissioning of Fukushima Dai-ichi.


Graphene Makes Square Water

March 27, 2015 7:00 am | by The Univ. of Manchester | News | Comments

Researchers have created a transparent nanoscale capillary out of graphene to investigate the atomic structure of water trapped inside. They used high magnification electron microscopy that allowed them to see individual water molecules. To their surprise, the scientists found small square crystals of ice at room temperature, provided the graphene capillaries were narrow enough, allowing no more than three atomic layers of water.

Method Yields Quality-control Tool for Nanocomposites

March 27, 2015 7:00 am | by Purdue Univ. | News | Comments

Layered nanocomposites containing tiny structures mixed into a polymer matrix are gaining commercial use, but their complex nature can hide defects that affect performance. Now, researchers have developed a system capable of detecting such defects using a "Kelvin probe" scanning method with an atomic force microscope.

Entanglement Technique May Aid Atomic Clocks

March 26, 2015 3:00 pm | by MIT, Jennifer Chu | News | Comments

Physicists have developed a new technique that can successfully entangle 3,000 atoms using only a single photon. The results represent the largest number of particles that have ever been mutually entangled experimentally.

Plastic Has Energy, Artificial Muscle Applications

March 26, 2015 3:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

A plastic used in filters and tubing has an unusual trait: it can produce electricity when pulled or pressed. This ability has been used in small ways, but now researchers are coaxing fibers of the material to make even more electricity for a wider range of applications from green energy to "artificial muscles."

Recent Manhole Explosions Caused by Winter, Age and Chemistry

March 26, 2015 7:00 am | by Associated Press, Seth Borenstein | Videos | Comments

Scientific literature traces manhole explosions back nearly a century, but a series of such incidents in Indianapolis has authorities looking for a quick solution. A combination of power system design, winter road salt, older electrical cable insulation and basic chemistry have triggered underground explosions in older downtowns, launching 350-pound manhole covers high in the air.


'Minor Glitch' is a Big Setback for Large Hadron Collider

March 25, 2015 7:00 am | by Associated Press | News | Comments

Officials say a minor glitch will delay the restart of Europe's multi-billion dollar Large Hadron Collider either a couple of days or more than a month. A small metallic piece near a magnet has to be removed before the machine fires its circulating beam.

Computers to Heat Homes

March 24, 2015 3:00 pm | by Associated Press | News | Comments

An energy company is joining forces with a tech startup to harness computing power to heat homes in the Netherlands. A Dutch-based energy company with more than 2 million customers said today it is installing "e-Radiators" in five homes in a trial to see if their warmth could be a commercially viable alternative for traditional radiators.

Experiment Proves Einstein's 'Spooky Action at a Distance’

March 24, 2015 3:00 pm | by Griffith Univ. | News | Comments

An experiment has, for the first time, demonstrated Albert Einstein's original conception of "spooky action at a distance" using a single particle. Researchers used homodyne measurements to show what Einstein did not believe to be real, namely the non-local collapse of a particle's wave function.

Earth Has Hidden Layer

March 23, 2015 3:00 pm | by Univ. of Utah | News | Comments

By crushing minerals between diamonds, a study has suggested the existence of an unknown layer inside Earth: part of the lower mantle where the rock gets three times stiffer. The discovery may explain a mystery: why slabs of Earth's sinking tectonic plates sometimes stall and thicken 930 miles underground.

Biodegradable Plastic Doesn't

March 20, 2015 3:00 pm | by Michigan State Univ. | News | Comments

Recycling plastic works; additives to biodegrade plastic do not. A new study has shown that several additives that claim to break down polyethylene and polyethylene terephthalate simply don’t work in common disposal situations such as landfills or composting.


Huge Lava Tubes May Exist on Moon

March 20, 2015 8:44 am | by Purdue Univ. | News | Comments

Lava tubes large enough to house cities could be structurally stable on the moon, according to a theoretical study. The volcanic features are an important target for future human space exploration because they could provide shelter from cosmic radiation, meteorite impacts and temperature extremes.

Scientists Invent New Way to Control Light

March 19, 2015 3:03 pm | by University of Central Florida | News | Comments

A device resembling a plastic honeycomb yet infinitely smaller than a bee's stinger can steer light beams around tighter curves than ever before possible, while keeping the integrity and intensity of the beam intact. The work introduces a more effective way to transmit data rapidly on electronic circuit boards by using light.

Study Sharpens Nanoscale Microscopy Even More

March 19, 2015 2:58 pm | by Joint Quantum Institute | News | Comments

A new study has shown how to sharpen nanoscale microscopy (nanoscopy) even more by better locating the exact position of the light source.

Scientists Grow 'Mini Lungs' for Cystic Fibrosis Research

March 19, 2015 2:05 pm | by University of Cambridge | News | Comments

Scientists have successfully created "mini lungs" using stem cells derived from skin cells of patients with cystic fibrosis, and have shown that these can be used to test potential new drugs for this debilitating lung disease.

How Modern Chemistry Bonds Nanoparticles to a Substrate

March 19, 2015 9:57 am | by Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences | News | Comments

Nanoparticles of various types can be quickly and permanently bonded to a solid substrate, if one of the most effective methods of synthesis, click chemistry, is used for this purpose.

Iron Rain Fell on Early Earth

March 18, 2015 1:49 pm | by Sandia National Laboratories | News | Comments

Researchers have helped untangle a long-standing mystery of astrophysics: why iron is found spattered throughout Earth’s mantle, the roughly 2,000-mile thick region between Earth’s core and its crust.

Study: Scientists Unknowingly Tweak Experiments

March 18, 2015 9:15 am | by Australian National University | News | Comments

A new study has found some scientists are unknowingly tweaking experiments and analysis methods to increase their chances of getting results that are easily published.

'Cool' Process Makes Better Graphene

March 18, 2015 9:09 am | by CalTech | News | Comments

A new technique to produce graphene at room temperature could help pave the way for commercially feasible graphene-based solar cells and light-emitting diodes, large-panel displays and flexible electronics.

Recycling Makes 3-D Printing Even Cheaper

March 18, 2015 8:43 am | by Michigan Technological Univ. | News | Comments

Researchers have whittled the cost of printing to 10 cents per kilogram- down from $30 per kilogram. They made this leap by recycling plastic that had already been printed, using a recyclebot and plastic resin codes developed by the team.

Color-changing Sunglasses on Demand

March 18, 2015 8:30 am | by American Chemical Society | Videos | Comments

Apart from their style, sunglasses have changed very little in the last few decades. Photochromic lenses that change from clear to tinted in sunlight were a big breakthrough. New research could give that technology a big boost. Researchers have developed a polymer coating that changes colors with the push of a button.

Yet Another Saturn? Second Minor Planet May Have Rings

March 17, 2015 1:45 pm | by MIT, Jennifer Chu | News | Comments

Scientists recently detected the minor planet Chariklo’s ring system — a surprising finding, as it had been thought that centaurs are relatively dormant. Now scientists at MIT and elsewhere have detected a possible ring system around a second centaur, Chiron.

Efficient Water-splitting Electrode Boosts Clean Energy

March 17, 2015 9:09 am | by Univ. of New South Wales | News | Comments

Scientists have developed a highly efficient oxygen-producing electrode for splitting water that has the potential to be scaled up for industrial production of the clean energy fuel, hydrogen. The new technology is based on an inexpensive, specially coated foam material that lets the bubbles of oxygen escape quickly.

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