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Date Syrup Helps Stem Infections

March 31, 2015 3:00 pm | by Society for General Microbiology | News | Comments

Date syrup— a thick, sweet liquid derived from dates that is widely consumed across the Middle East— shows antibacterial activity against a number of disease-causing bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.

 

Medieval Remedy Kills MRSA

March 31, 2015 8:21 am | by The Univ. of Nottingham | News | Comments

A one thousand year old Anglo-Saxon remedy for eye infections that originates from a manuscript...

Grape, Wine Compound May Ease Depression

March 30, 2015 3:00 pm | by Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology | News | Comments

Scientists have recently discovered a link between inflammation and depression, which affects...

New Price Allows Britain to Vaccinate Babies for Meningitis B

March 30, 2015 8:14 am | by Associated Press | News | Comments

After months of negotiation, Britain says it will become the first country to offer all babies a...

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HIV Can Evolve in Brain Early in Illness

March 27, 2015 7:00 am | by National Institutes of Health | News | Comments

The AIDS virus can genetically evolve and independently replicate in patients' brains early in the illness process. An analysis of cerebral spinal fluid, a window into brain chemical activity, revealed that, for a subset of patients, HIV had started replicating within the brain within the first four months of infection.

Popular Antacids May Up Bone Fracture Risk

March 26, 2015 3:00 pm | by Forsyth Institute | News | Comments

Newly published research details a discovery explaining why the 100 million Americans estimated to be taking prescription and over-the-counter antacid and heartburn medications may be at an increased risk of bone fractures.

Will New Drugs Actually Fight Antibiotic Resistance?

March 26, 2015 7:00 am | by BMJ | News | Comments

Antimicrobial resistance is a major health care problem worldwide. In the first installment of a new series in The BMJ, a professor asks why authorities are approving drugs with little evidence they do anything to tackle the problem of antimicrobial resistance.

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Science, Patients Drive Rare Disease Drug Search

March 25, 2015 3:00 pm | by Associated Press, Linda Johnson | News | Comments

Drugmakers are pouring billions into developing treatments for rare diseases, which once drew little interest from the industry but now point the way toward a new era of innovative therapies and big profits. The investments come as researchers harness recent scientific advances, including the mapping of the human genome, sophisticated and affordable genetic tests and robots that screen thousands of compounds per hour.

Internet Breast Milk is Dangerous

March 25, 2015 7:00 am | by BMJ | News | Comments

The nutritional benefits of breast milk for babies are widely documented, but many new mothers find it difficult or are unable to breastfeed. This pushes some mothers to purchase human breast milk on the Internet. Despite appearing as healthy and beneficial products, many new mothers— and even some healthcare workers— are not aware that this market is dangerous because it is not regulated.

Popular Sweetener Key to Treating Aggressive Cancers

March 23, 2015 3:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

Saccharin, the artificial sweetener that is the main ingredient in Sweet 'N Low, Sweet Twin and Necta, could do far more than just keep our waistlines trim. According to new research, this popular sugar substitute could potentially lead to the development of drugs capable of combating aggressive, difficult-to-treat cancers with fewer side effects.  

Special Microbes May Fight Obesity from the Gut

March 23, 2015 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

Microbes may just be the next diet craze. Researchers have programmed bacteria to generate a molecule that, through normal metabolism, becomes a hunger-suppressing lipid. Mice that drank water laced with the programmed bacteria ate less, had lower body fat and staved off diabetes— even when fed a high-fat diet— offering a potential weight-loss strategy for humans.

Opossums Hold Key to Treating Poisonous Snake Bites

March 23, 2015 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

Scientists have turned to the opossum to develop a promising new and inexpensive antidote for poisonous snake bites. They predict it could save thousands of lives worldwide without the side effects of current treatments.

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Single-drop DNA Test Sees Disease in Animals, Crops

March 20, 2015 3:00 pm | by Univ. of Queensland | News | Comments

A single-drop DNA test invented by scientists could revolutionize the detection of diseases in humans, livestock and crops. The test works in a similar way to a pH test for swimming pools and gives a result in 90 minutes.

Officials Urge Meningitis Vaccinations at Oregon University

March 20, 2015 3:00 pm | by Associated Press, Jeff Barnard | News | Comments

More than half of the undergraduates at the Univ. of Oregon have not been vaccinated against meningitis, despite the fact that one student has died and five others have been sickened since January. Public health officials are appealing to parents to get the job done during spring break.

Today in Lab History: FDA Approved AZT

March 20, 2015 7:00 am | by Lily Barback, Associate Editor | News | Comments

On March 20, 1987, the FDA approved AZT, the first government sanctioned HIV drug. AZT reduces the replication of the HIV virus in patients and has led to clinical and immunologic improvements.

Age-old Problem Meets High-tech Rival

March 19, 2015 2:55 pm | by Univ. of California, Santa Barbara | News | Comments

Acne, a scourge of adolescence, may be about to meet its ultra high-tech match. By using a combination of ultrasound, gold-covered particles and lasers, researchers have developed a targeted therapy that could potentially lessen the frequency and intensity of breakouts, relieving acne sufferers the discomfort and stress of dealing with severe and recurring pimples.

How Modern Chemistry Bonds Nanoparticles to a Substrate

March 19, 2015 9:57 am | by Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences | News | Comments

Nanoparticles of various types can be quickly and permanently bonded to a solid substrate, if one of the most effective methods of synthesis, click chemistry, is used for this purpose.

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New Tobacco Atlas Details Scale of Tobacco Epidemic

March 19, 2015 9:34 am | by American Chemical Society | News | Comments

The Tobacco Atlas, Fifth Edition ("The Atlas"), and its companion mobile app and website TobaccoAtlas.org, were unveiled today by the American Cancer Society and World Lung Foundation at the 16th World Conference on Tobacco or Health. The Atlas graphically details the scale of the tobacco epidemic.

Fast-food Ban in LA Fails to Cut Obesity

March 19, 2015 9:20 am | by Rand Corp. | News | Comments

A Los Angeles ordinance designed to curb obesity in low-income areas by restricting the opening of new fast-food restaurants has failed to reduce fast-food consumption or reduce obesity rates in the targeted neighborhoods.

Absence Really Does Make the Heart Grow Fonder

March 18, 2015 3:22 pm | by Univ. of California, Santa Barbara | News | Comments

That's according to research by anthropologists, who found that levels of the "love" hormone oxytocin increases among Tsimane men when they come home to their families after a day of hunting. 

Green Tea Can Improve MRIs

March 18, 2015 2:08 pm | by American Chemical Society | News | Comments

Green tea’s popularity has grown quickly in recent years. Its fans can drink it, enjoy its flavor in their ice cream and slather it on their skin with lotions infused with it. Now, the tea could have a new, unexpected role — to improve the image quality of MRIs. 

Study: Scientists Unknowingly Tweak Experiments

March 18, 2015 9:15 am | by Australian National University | News | Comments

A new study has found some scientists are unknowingly tweaking experiments and analysis methods to increase their chances of getting results that are easily published.

Study Questions Accuracy of Breast Biopsy

March 18, 2015 9:01 am | by Associated Press, Lindsey Tanner | News | Comments

Here's another reason for getting a second medical opinion: Biopsy specialists frequently misdiagnose breast tissue, potentially leading to too-aggressive treatment for some women and under-treatment for others, a study suggests.

Why Have Cancer Drug Prices Soared Since 1995?

March 17, 2015 2:08 pm | by MIT | News | Comments

The prices of leading cancer drugs have risen at rates far outstripping inflation over the last two decades, but the exact reasons for the cost increases are unclear.

DNA is Packaged Like a Yoyo

March 17, 2015 8:55 am | by Univ.of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign | News | Comments

To pack two meters of DNA into a microscopic cell, the string of genetic information must be wound extremely carefully into chromosomes. Surprisingly the DNA's sequence causes it to be coiled and uncoiled much like a yoyo.

Cancer Can Stop Acting Like Cancer

March 16, 2015 3:00 pm | by Georgetown Univ. Medical Center | News | Comments

Cancer cells crowded tightly together suddenly surrender their desire to spread, and this change of heart is related to a cellular pathway that controls organ size. These two stunning observations are reported today.

Folic Acid May Reduce Strokes in At-risk Adults

March 16, 2015 7:00 am | by JAMA | News | Comments

In a study that included more than 20,000 adults in China with high blood pressure but without a history of stroke or heart attack, the combined use of the hypertension medication enalapril and folic acid, compared with enalapril alone, significantly reduced the risk of first stroke.

Today in Lab History: Paper on Antiseptic Surgery

March 16, 2015 7:00 am | by Lily Barback, Associate Editor | News | Comments

Throughout history people have been looking to improve health, medical treatment and, more recently, surgery. On March 16, 1867, the Lancet published Joseph Lister’s paper on antiseptic surgery, entitled “On a New Method of Treating Compound Fractures, Abscess, &c.”

LabOutlook: March 2015

March 13, 2015 4:53 pm | by Laboratory Equipment | Digital Editions | Comments

The March issue of LabOutlook features a cover story on organs-on-chips, as well as articles and videos on STEM education, digital health care, spectroscopy, lab safety and more!

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