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East Coast Flooding Increasing as Coastal Sea Levels Rise

July 28, 2014 1:47 pm | by NOAA | News | Comments

Eight of the top 10 U.S. cities that have seen an increase in so-called "nuisance flooding"- which causes such public inconveniences as frequent road closures, overwhelmed storm drains and compromised infrastructure- are on the East Coast. This nuisance flooding, caused by rising sea levels, has increased on all three U.S. coasts, between 300 and 925 percent since the 1960s.

Government Plans Controversial Seismic Testing of Sea Floor

July 28, 2014 9:18 am | by Wayne Parry, Associated Press | News | Comments

The federal government is planning to use sound blasting to conduct research on the ocean floor...

Industrial Lead Pollution Beat Explorers to the South Pole

July 28, 2014 9:03 am | by Desert Research Institute | News | Comments

Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the South Pole in December of...

Beer-loving Bugs Swarm in Midwest

July 28, 2014 8:55 am | by Associated Press | News | Comments

Mayflies have begun emerging from the Mississippi River in swarms that show up on radar like...

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Dinos Fell Victim to Perfect Storm of Events

July 28, 2014 8:47 am | by Univ. of Edinburgh | News | Comments

Dinosaurs might have survived the asteroid strike that wiped them out if it had taken place slightly earlier or later in history, scientists say. A fresh study using up-to-date fossil records and improved analytical tools has helped palaeontologists to build a new narrative of the prehistoric creatures' demise, some 66 million years ago.

Trees Save 850 Lives a Year

July 28, 2014 7:00 am | by U.S. Forest Service's Northern Research Station | News | Comments

In the first broad-scale estimate of air pollution removal by trees nationwide, U.S. Forest Service scientists and collaborators calculated that trees are saving more than 850 human lives a year and preventing 670,000 incidences of acute respiratory symptoms.

Study Vindicates 'Missing the Pause' Climate Models

July 28, 2014 7:00 am | by Michael Hopkin, Editor of The Conversation | News | Comments

Climate models can recreate the slowdown in global warming since 1998, as long as they correctly factor in crucial variables such as the state of the El Niño system. The discovery vindicates the models against the accusation that they failed to predict the “alleged hiatus” in surface warming.

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Simultaneous Ocean Warming May Have Ended Ice Age

July 25, 2014 2:57 pm | by Oregon State Univ. | News | Comments

Scientists have long been concerned that global warming may push Earth’s climate system across a “tipping point,” where rapid melting of ice and further warming may become irreversible – a hotly debated scenario with an unclear picture of what this point of no return may look like. A newly published study probed the geologic past to understand mechanisms of abrupt climate change. 

Parched West is Using Up All Underground Water

July 25, 2014 9:12 am | by Univ. of California, Irvine | News | Comments

A new study finds more than 75 percent of the water loss in the drought-stricken Colorado River Basin since late 2004 came from underground resources. The extent of groundwater loss may pose a greater threat to the water supply of the western United States than previously thought.

Ruling on Antibiotics in Livestock Reversed

July 25, 2014 9:04 am | by Associated Press | News | Comments

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration isn't required to hold public hearings to evaluate the health risks of widespread use of antibiotics in animal feed, a federal appeals court ruled Thursday. The decision by the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals reversed a ruling in 2012 by a district court that sided with several health and consumer organizations that sued the FDA after the agency decided against holding the hearings.

Dust Increases Cloud Cover

July 25, 2014 7:00 am | by PNNL | News | Comments

Surprisingly, cloud cover increases when more dust blows off the west coast of Africa. Researchers calculated more clouds as more dust flowed from Africa over the Atlantic Ocean.                              

Study Shows How to Power Cali With Wind, Water, Sun

July 25, 2014 7:00 am | by Stanford Univ. | News | Comments

Imagine a smog-free Los Angeles, where electric cars ply silent freeways, solar panels blanket rooftops and power plants run on heat from beneath the earth, from howling winds and from the blazing desert sun. A new study finds that it is technically and economically feasible to convert California’s all-purpose energy infrastructure to one powered by clean, renewable energy. 

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Droplet-trapping Material Could Ease Water, Energy Crisis

July 25, 2014 7:00 am | by NSF | Videos | Comments

Small-scale advances in fluid physics, materials engineering and nanoscience have brought scientists one step closer to mimicing the way a desert beetle collects and drinks water. Understanding how liquids interact with different materials can lead to more efficient, inexpensive processes and products, and might even lead to airplane wings impervious to ice and self-cleaning windows.

Global Wildlife Decline Drives Crime, Child Labor

July 25, 2014 7:00 am | by UC Santa Barbara | News | Comments

An interdisciplinary team of researchers examined how wildlife decline can result in loss of food and employment, which in turn engenders increased crime and fosters political instability.                                       

Biologist: Early Signs of Sixth Mass Extinction

July 24, 2014 2:27 pm | by Stanford Univ. | News | Comments

The planet's current biodiversity is the highest in the history of life. But it may be reaching a tipping point. In a new review of scientific literature and analysis of data, an international team of scientists cautions that the loss and decline of animals is contributing to what appears to be the early days of the planet's sixth mass biological extinction event.

Glucose Helps Alaska Frogs 'Overwinter' to Survive

July 24, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Fairbanks | Videos | Comments

Repeated freezing and thawing might not be good for the average steak, but each fall it might help wood frogs prepare to survive Alaska’s winter cold. Frogs prevent the freeze-pop effect by packing their cells with glucose, a kind of sugar that reduces drying and stabilizes cells, a process scientists call cryoprotection.

Strong Community Forest Rights Battle Climate Change

July 24, 2014 7:00 am | by WRI and RRI | News | Comments

Strengthening community forest rights is an essential strategy to reduce billions of tons of carbon emissions, making it an effective way for governments to meet climate goals, safeguard forests and protect the livelihoods of their citizens, according to a major new report.

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Urban Heat Boosts Pests 200x, Kills Red Maples

July 24, 2014 7:00 am | by NC State Univ. | News | Comments

New research shows that urban “heat islands” are slowly killing red maples in the southeastern United States. One factor is that researchers have found warmer temperatures increase the number of young produced by the gloomy scale insect – a significant tree pest – by 300 percent, which in turn leads to 200 times more adult gloomy scales on urban trees.

Student Develops Screw-on Filter for Clean Water

July 23, 2014 2:18 pm | by ETH Zurich | News | Comments

According to the World Health Organization, 3.4 million people die from water-related diseases every year. A research team spent a year researching a membrane filter and developing a prototype. What makes the DrinkPure filter unique is that you can screw it on to virtually any plastic bottle. It doesn't require a pump or a reservoir.

Temperature Increase Good for Forage Plants

July 23, 2014 2:08 pm | by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo | News | Comments

A 2 C increase in temperature around the world by 2050, according to one of the scenarios predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, may be advantageous to the physiology and the biochemical and biophysical processes involved in the growth of forage plants such as Stylosanthes capitata Vogel, a legume used for livestock grazing in tropical countries like Brazil.

Rosemary, Oregano Have Diabetes-fighting Compounds

July 23, 2014 9:49 am | by ACS | News | Comments

The popular culinary herbs oregano and rosemary are packed with healthful compounds, and now lab tests show they could work in much the same way as prescription anti-diabetic medication. Scientists found that how the herbs are grown makes a difference, and they also identified which compounds contribute the most to this promising trait.

RFID Tags Reveal Beehive Dynamics

July 23, 2014 9:23 am | by Univ. of Illinois | News | Comments

Scientists attached radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags to hundreds of individual honey bees and tracked them for several weeks. The effort yielded two discoveries: Some foraging bees are much busier than others; and if those busy bees disappear, others will take their place.

Infographic: British Supermarket Powered by Food Waste

July 23, 2014 9:03 am | by Sainsbury's | News | Comments

British supermarket Sainsbury's has announced plans for one of its grocery stores to come off the national grid. Industry partners Biffa and Sainsbury's have developed an innovative facility that will allow Sainsbury’s Cannock store to run on power generated solely from the supermarket’s own food waste.

Bamboo as Engineered Building Material

July 23, 2014 8:29 am | by Jennifer Chu, MIT | Videos | Comments

Scientists are looking for ways to turn bamboo into a construction material more akin to wood composites, like plywood. The idea is that a stalk, or culm, can be sliced into smaller pieces, which can then be bonded together to form sturdy blocks—much like conventional wood composites.

Supercomputer Helps Improve Rare-earth Metal Purification

July 22, 2014 2:53 pm | by U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory | News | Comments

Using the second fastest supercomputer in the world, a scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory is attempting to develop a more efficient process for purifying rare-earth materials.                              

World Breaks Monthly Heat Record, Twice

July 22, 2014 12:00 pm | by Seth Borenstein, AP Science Writer | News | Comments

The globe is on a hot streak, setting a heat record in June. That's after the world broke a record in May. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration announced that last month's average global temperature was 61.2 degrees, which is 1.3 degrees higher than the 20th century average.

Flies Inspire Sound Detector

July 22, 2014 12:00 pm | by American Institute of Physics | News | Comments

A new device, based on a fly's freakishly acute hearing, may find applications in futuristic hearing aids and military technology.

Refuges to Phase Out Nicotine-like Pesticide

July 22, 2014 8:01 am | by Jeff Barnard, Associated Press | News | Comments

Federal wildlife refuges in the Northwest and Hawaii will phase out a class of pesticides that are chemically similar to nicotine because they pose a threat to bees and other pollinators key to crop growth.                     

Mammoths, Mastodons Were Not Nomadic

July 22, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Cincinnati | News | Comments

Research shows ancient mammoths and mastodons enjoyed the now-Greater Cincinnati area so much they likely were year-round residents and not nomadic migrants as previously thought. Findings indicate each species kept to separate areas based on availability of favored foods at the southern edge of the Last Glacial Maximum's major ice sheet. 

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