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The Lead

One-two Punch Best Way to Fight Polio

August 22, 2014 7:00 am | by Associated Press, Lauran Neergaard | News | Comments

New research suggests a one-two punch could help battle polio in some of the world's most remote and strife-torn regions. Giving a single vaccine shot to children who've already swallowed drops of an oral polio vaccine greatly boosted their immunity.

Autistic Kids Have Extra Brain Synapses

August 22, 2014 7:00 am | by Columbia Univ. Medical Center | News | Comments

Children with autism have a surplus of synapses in the brain, and this excess is because of a...

Wound-healing Compound is a Success

August 22, 2014 7:00 am | by Virginia Tech | News | Comments

A scientist developed a wound-healing peptide while researching how electrical signals trigger...

3-D Printers Produce Custom Medical Implants

August 22, 2014 7:00 am | by Louisiana Tech Univ. | News | Comments

A team of researchers has developed an innovative method for using affordable, consumer-grade 3-...

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Sleeplessness Increases Obesity Risk

August 21, 2014 2:00 pm | by Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia Univ. | News | Comments

Nearly one-fifth of 16-year-olds surveyed reported getting less than six hours of sleep. This group was 20 percent more likely to be obese by age 21, compared to their peers who got more than eight hours of sleep.

Laser May Remove Pin Pricks from Diabetics' Lives

August 21, 2014 2:00 pm | by Princeton Univ. | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a way to use a laser to measure people's blood sugar, and, with more work to shrink the laser system to a portable size, the technique could allow diabetics to check their condition without pricking themselves to draw blood.

Coffee May Fight Gum Disease

August 21, 2014 2:00 pm | by Boston Univ. | News | Comments

Coffee contains antioxidants. Antioxidants fight gum disease. Researchers in dental medicine have found that coffee consumption does not have an adverse effect on periodontal health, and may have protective effects against periodontal disease.

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U.S. Aid Workers Released as Liberia Seals Slum

August 21, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press, Jonathan Paye-Layleh | News | Comments

After nearly three weeks of treatment, the two American aid workers who were infected with the deadly Ebola virus in Africa have been discharged from an Atlanta hospital, officials have said.

Breastfeeding May Lower Risk of Postnatal Depression

August 21, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Cambridge | News | Comments

A new study of over 10,000 mothers has shown that women who breastfed their babies were at significantly lower risk of postnatal depression than those who did not.

Tickling Ears May Aid Heart

August 21, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Leeds | News | Comments

A team of researcher used a standard TENS machine to apply electrical pulses to the tragus, the small raised flap at the front of the ear immediately in front of the ear canal. The stimulation changed the influence of the nervous system on the heart by reducing the nervous signals that can drive failing hearts too hard.

Coronary Arteries Hold Heart-regenerating Cells

August 21, 2014 7:00 am | by Vanderbilt Univ. | News | Comments

Endothelial cells residing in the coronary arteries can function as cardiac stem cells to produce new heart muscle tissue, investigators have discovered. The findings offer insights into how the heart maintains itself and could lead to new strategies for repairing the heart when it fails after a heart attack.

Colds May Increase Stroke Risk in Kids

August 21, 2014 7:00 am | by American Academy of Neurology | News | Comments

A new study suggests that colds and other minor infections may temporarily increase stroke risk in children. But, while the study does show an increased risk, the overall risk of stroke among kids is extremely low.

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Are Failing Bees Foreshadowing Human Health?

August 20, 2014 2:00 pm | by Harvard Univ., Alvin Powell | News | Comments

A professor of environmental exposure biology believes that the potential human health implications of colony collapse disorder extend beyond the drop in pollination— though that is worrisome enough— to the impact on humans of long exposure to low-level poisons like neonicotinoid pesticides, which have been suspected in the bee disorder.

‘Chili-pepper Receptor’ May Be Key to Treating Pain

August 20, 2014 2:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

As anyone who has bitten into a chili pepper knows, its burning spiciness— though irresistible to some— is intolerable to others. Scientists exploring the chili pepper’s effect are using their findings to develop a new drug candidate for many kinds of pain, which can be caused by inflammation or other problems.

Alzheimer's May Not Impact Quality of Life

August 20, 2014 7:00 am | by ScienceNetwork WA | News | Comments

An 18-month longitudinal study is the first to investigate associations between quality of life and cognitive functions for people with Alzheimer’s, as reported by patients and caregivers. Surprisingly, researchers found that 26 of 47 participants with the disease showed stable or increased quality of life despite deterioration in their conditions.

Immune System Dazed, Confused During Spaceflight

August 20, 2014 7:00 am | by NASA | Videos | Comments

Researchers have a good idea what causes immune system changes on Earth— things like stress, inadequate sleep and improper nutrition. New research suggests that spaceflight may temporarily alter the immune system of crew members flying long-duration missions aboard the ISS.

Seafood Swaps Can Contain Unexpected Mercury

August 20, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Hawai‘i at Mānoa | News | Comments

New measurements from fish purchased at retail seafood counters in 10 different states show the extent to which mislabeling can expose consumers to unexpectedly high levels of mercury, a harmful pollutant. Fishery stock "substitutions"— which falsely present a fish of the same species, but from a different geographic origin— are the most dangerous mislabeling offense.

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Laser Tweezers Reveal How Malaria Infects Blood Cells

August 20, 2014 7:00 am | by Cell Press | News | Comments

Researchers have used laser optical tweezers to study interactions between the malaria-causing parasite and red blood cells. The findings reveal surprising new insights into malaria biology and pave the way for the development of more effective drugs or vaccines for a disease that affects hundreds of millions of people around the world.

China, France Collaborate on Virus Lab

August 20, 2014 7:00 am | by Chinese Academy of Sciences | News | Comments

China and France are jointly constructing a top-level biosafety lab in Wuhan, Hubei province, which will facilitate scientific research into dangerous viruses such as Ebola.

Cheap Graphene Rubber Bands Can Monitor Health

August 20, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Surrey | News | Comments

Although body motion sensors already exist in different forms, they have not been widely used because of their complexity and cost of production. Now, researchers have treated common elastic bands with graphene to create a flexible sensor that is sensitive enough for medical use and can be made cheaply.

Hatha Yoga Boosts Brain Function in Older Adults

August 19, 2014 2:00 pm | by Univ. of Illinois | News | Comments

Practicing hatha yoga three times a week for eight weeks improved sedentary older adults’ performance on cognitive tasks that are relevant to everyday life, researchers report. The findings involved 108 adults between the ages of 55 and 79 years of age, 61 of whom attended hatha yoga classes. The others met for the same number and length of sessions and engaged in stretching and toning exercises instead of yoga.

UN Wants Exit Screening for Ebola at Airports

August 19, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press, John Heilprin | News | Comments

Ebola-affected countries should immediately begin exit screening all passengers leaving international airports, sea ports and major ground crossings, the U.N. health agency has said. The agency didn't spell out which countries should start screening passengers, but noted that the Ebola outbreak involves transmission in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leona and a small number of people in Nigeria.

Sports Drinks Cause Weight Gain for Average People

August 19, 2014 2:00 pm | by Inside Science News Service, Patricia Waldron | News | Comments

Elite athletes down sports drink to help them reach new heights of performance. But for the average young person, these "health drinks" may cause them to reach new highs— on the bathroom scale.

Long-lasting Joint Lubrication Mimics Nature

August 19, 2014 7:00 am | by Johns Hopkins Medicine | News | Comments

By finding a way to bind a slippery molecule naturally found in the fluid that surrounds healthy joints, researchers have engineered surfaces that have the potential to deliver long-lasting lubrication at specific spots throughout the body. The finding could eventually offer a new way to ease the pain of arthritic joints, keep artificial joints working smoothly or even make contact lenses more comfortable.

Surfing Helps Cystic Fibrosis Patients

August 18, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press, Krysta Faurua | News | Comments

For three of Rob and Paulette Montelone's five kids, spending the summer surfing is more than just a fun activity. It could also extend their lives. The Montelone siblings are part of a growing number of people with cystic fibrosis who are taking advantage of the health benefits that come with surfing.

Nonphysical Disabilities in Kids Rise

August 18, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press, Lindsey Tanner | News | Comments

Disabilities among U.S. children have increased slightly, with a bigger rise in mental and developmental problems in those from wealthier families, a 10-year analysis found. Disadvantaged kids still bear a disproportionate burden.

Ebola Health Workers Fight Heat, Rumors

August 18, 2014 8:35 am | by Associated Press, Maria Cheng | News | Comments

Doctors and nurses fighting Ebola in West Africa are working 14-hour days, seven days a week, wearing head-to-toe gear in the heat of muddy clinics. Agonizing death is the norm for their patients. The hellish conditions aren't the only problem: health workers struggle to convince patients they're trying to help them, not hurt them.

CDC Scientist Kept Quiet About Serious Flu Blunder

August 18, 2014 7:00 am | by Associated Press, Mike Stobbe | News | Comments

A government scientist kept silent about a potentially dangerous lab blunder and revealed it only after workers in another lab noticed something fishy, according to an internal investigation.

Athletes Banned from Youth Olympics Because of Ebola Worries

August 15, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press | News | Comments

Three teenage athletes from the Ebola-affected region of Africa will not be allowed to compete at the Youth Olympics in China because of the risk of possible infection, the IOC and local organizers said today.

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