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The Lead

Daylight Savings May Endanger Diabetics

October 31, 2014 7:00 am | by Michigan State Univ. | News | Comments

Soon, many will turn back the hands of time as part of the twice-annual ritual of daylight saving time. That means remembering to change the alarm clock next to the bed. But for some diabetics who use insulin pumps, a scientist suggests that remembering to change the time on this device should be the priority.

Low-carb, High-fat Diet May Ease Epilepsy

October 30, 2014 7:00 am | by American Academy of Neurology | News | Comments

Epilepsy is a nervous system disorder in which the nerve cells in the brain work abnormally,...

LEDs Boost Profits, Productivity in Factories

October 30, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Michigan | News | Comments

Switching to LED lights in factories not only saves energy, it boosts productivity and increases...

High Milk Diet Linked to Health Problems, Death

October 29, 2014 7:00 am | by British Medical Journal | News | Comments

A high milk intake in women and men is not accompanied by a lower risk of fracture and instead...

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Women Underrepresented in Economics

October 28, 2014 2:00 pm | by Univ. Of Southampton | News | Comments

A study has found there are far fewer women studying economics than men, with women accounting for just 27 percent of economics students, despite them making up 57 percent of the undergraduate population in UK universities. The findings suggest less than half as many women as men apply to study economics at the university level.

Tea, Citrus Linked to Lower Cancer Risk

October 28, 2014 2:00 pm | by University of East Anglia | News | Comments

Tea and citrus fruits and juices are associated with a lower risk of developing ovarian cancer, according to new research. Research reveals that women who consume foods containing flavonols and flavanones significantly decrease their risk of developing epithelial ovarian cancer, the fifth-leading cause of cancer death among women.

CDC, Army, Governors All Disagree on Ebola Policies

October 28, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press, David Porter, Colleen Barry | News | Comments

The CDC has recommended new restrictions for people at highest risk for coming down with the Ebola virus and symptom monitoring for those at lower risk, but some state governors and even the Army are carving their own paths. The CDC's recommendations mark an effort to create a national standard, one that would protect public health without discouraging people from helping fight its spread overseas.

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Ultrasounds Help Kids with Speech Impediments

October 28, 2014 7:00 am | by New York Univ. | News | Comments

Using ultrasound technology to visualize the tongue’s shape and movement can help children with difficulty pronouncing “r” sounds, according to a small study. The ultrasound intervention was effective when individuals were allowed to make different shapes with their tongue in order to produce the “r” sound, rather than being instructed to make a specific shape.

Just 30 Minutes of Exercise Helps the Brain

October 27, 2014 2:00 pm | by Univ. of Adelaide | News | Comments

Neuroscientists have discovered that just one session of aerobic exercise is enough to spark positive changes in the brain that could lead to improved memory and coordination of motor skills. They found changes in the brain that were likely to make it more "plastic" after only 30 minutes of vigorous exercise.

Home Test Revolutionizes Colon Cancer Screening

October 27, 2014 8:23 am | by Associated Press, Marilynn Marchione | News | Comments

Starting today, millions of people who have avoided colon cancer screening can get a new home test that's noninvasive and doesn't require the preparation most other methods do. The test is the first to look for cancer-related DNA in stool. But deciding whether to get it is a more complex choice than ads for the test make it seem.

World Ramps Up Ebola Aid

October 27, 2014 8:13 am | by Associated Press, Rodney Muhumuza, Sarah DiLorenzo | News | Comments

The WHO warns that there could be 10,000 new Ebola cases a week by December if the world doesn't get more heavily involved. The responses by the U.S., Britain and France are largely based on historical or colonial ties. France has focused its efforts on Guinea; Britain on Sierra Leone; and the U.S. is giving much of its aid to Liberia.

Scientists Find New Clues to Weight Loss

October 24, 2014 7:00 am | by UT Southwestern | News | Comments

A hormone seen as a popular target to develop weight loss drugs works by targeting the brain and triggering previously unknown activity in the nervous system.

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New Projections: Population to Peak by 2070

October 23, 2014 2:00 pm | by International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis | News | Comments

New population projections provide a fundamentally improved view of future population, structured by age, sex and level of education, which differ from recent projections by the UN. World population will likely peak at 9.4 billion around 2070 and then decline to around 9 billion by 2100, according to the new projections.

Beetroot Helps Athletes, Heart Patients

October 23, 2014 2:00 pm | by Kansas State Univ. | News | Comments

Football teams are claiming a special ingredient improves their athletic performance and, according to new research, it also benefits heart failure patients. The special ingredient: beetroot.

Tech Boom Moves from Valley to Beach

October 23, 2014 7:00 am | by Associated Press, Ryan Nakashima, Michael Liedtke | News | Comments

So long, Silicon Valley. These days entrepreneurs and engineers are flocking to a place better known for wave surfing than Web surfing. Amid the palm trees and purple sunsets of the Southern California coastline, techies have built "Silicon Beach."

Olive Oil is the Best for Frying

October 22, 2014 2:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

Frying is one of the world’s most popular ways to prepare food. But before dunking your favorite food in a vat of just any old oil, consider using olive. Scientists are reporting that olive oil withstands the heat of the fryer or pan better than several seed oils to yield more healthful food.

3-D Videos of Trees Help People Get Over Stress

October 22, 2014 2:00 pm | by Univ. of Illinois | News | Comments

While numerous studies have affirmed nature’s stress-reduction properties, scientists haven’t known the specific amount of exposure needed to induce these calming effects. Now, researchers have found that viewing 3-D videos of residential streets with varying amounts of tree canopy significantly improved participants’ physiological and psychological recovery from a stressful experience.

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Color, Texture Matter Most for Tomatoes

October 22, 2014 7:00 am | by Institute of Food Technologists | News | Comments

A new study evaluated consumers’ choice in fresh tomato selection and revealed which characteristics make the red fruit most appealing. The researchers found that the most important fresh tomato attributes were color, amount of juice when sliced and size.

Shift Workers Should Skip High-iron Foods at Night

October 22, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Utah | News | Comments

Workers punching in for the graveyard shift may be better off not eating high-iron foods at night so they don’t disrupt the circadian clock in their livers. Disrupted circadian clocks, researchers believe, are the reason that shift workers experience higher incidences of type 2 diabetes, obesity and cancer.

Organic Definition Hazy for Nonfood Items

October 21, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press, Mary Jalonick | News | Comments

There's a strict set of standards for organic foods. But the rules are looser for household cleaners, textiles, cosmetics and the organic dry cleaners down the street. Absent a USDA seal or certification, there are few ways to tell if those organic claims are bogus.

CVS to Punish Patronage of Tobacco-selling Pharmacies

October 21, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press, Tom Murphy | News | Comments

CVS is developing a new tobacco-free pharmacy network for clients of its Caremark pharmacy benefits management business. The network would slap an extra co-payment on patients who fill their prescriptions at stores that still sell tobacco.

Science Doesn’t Support ‘Brain Game’ Claims

October 21, 2014 8:42 am | by Stanford Univ. | News | Comments

Scientists have issued a statement saying they are skeptical about the effectiveness of so-called "brain game" products, which are marketed as helping older adults boost their mental powers. Signing the document were 69 scholars, including cognitive psychologists and neuroscientists from around the world.

Mental Rest, Reflection Aid Learning

October 21, 2014 8:35 am | by The Univ. of Texas at Austin | News | Comments

A new study that may have implications for approaches to education finds that brain mechanisms, engaged when people allow their minds to rest and reflect on things they've learned before, may boost later learning.

Subliminal Aging Messages Improve Physical Functioning in Elderly

October 20, 2014 2:53 pm | by Yale | News | Comments

Older individuals who are subliminally exposed to positive stereotypes about aging showed improved physical functioning that can last for several weeks. Researchers used a novel intervention method to examine for the first time whether exposure to positive age stereotypes could weaken negative age stereotypes and their effects over time, and lead to healthier outcomes.

Brain Activity Provides Evidence for Internal Calorie Counter

October 20, 2014 2:38 pm | by Association for Psychological Science | News | Comments

As you glance over a menu or peruse the shelves in a supermarket, you may be thinking about how each food will taste and whether it’s nutritious, or you may be trying to decide what you’re in the mood for. A new neuroimaging study suggests that while you’re thinking all these things, an internal calorie counter of sorts is also evaluating each food based on its caloric density.

Electricity Access Doesn’t Impact Climate

October 20, 2014 7:00 am | by International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis | News | Comments

Improving household electricity access in India over the last 30 years contributed only marginally to the nation's total carbon emissions growth during that time, according to a new study.

Tip: How Not to Lose Sleep Over Daylight Savings

October 20, 2014 7:00 am | by Columbia Univ. School of Nursing | News | Comments

When the clocks “fall back” this year on Nov. 2, don’t let gaining an extra hour rob you of needed sleep. There’s plenty you can do now to establish healthy sleep habits and make it easier to reset your internal clock.

Action Video Games Aid Sensorimotor Skills

October 17, 2014 2:00 pm | by Univ. of Toronto | News | Comments

A study led by psychology researchers has found that people who play action video games such as Call of Duty or Assassin’s Creed seem to learn a new sensorimotor skill more quickly than non-gamers do.

Sugary Soda Linked to Cell Aging

October 17, 2014 2:00 pm | by UC San Francisco | News | Comments

Sugar-sweetened soda consumption might promote disease independently from its role in obesity, according to researchers who found in a new study that drinking sugary drinks was associated with cell aging.

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