Preventing inflammation in obese fat tissue may hold the key to preventing or even “reversing” type 2 diabetes, new research shows. Scientists have found they could reverse type 2 diabetes in laboratory models by dampening the inflammatory response in fat tissue.
Psoriasis, a chronic skin condition, can cause rashes that itch and sting. So why would a...
A study compared former National Football League (NFL) players who started football at age 12 or...
The health-promoting perks of wine have attracted the spotlight recently, leaving beer in the shadows. But, a compound in hops, which is an ingredient in beer, could help protect brain cells from damage.
Imagine eyeglasses that can go quickly from clear to shaded and back again when you want them to, rather than passively in response to changes in light. Scientists are reporting a major step toward that goal, which could benefit pilots, security guards and others who need such control.
Governments and private donors, among them the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, have pledged a record $7.5 billion to replenish a global vaccination program. Gavi is the international organization for a global vaccine alliance bringing together public and private sectors with the goal of creating access to new vaccines for children living in the world’s poorest countries.
With the “creative class” on the rise, many businesses are trying to capitalize on imagination and innovation. But when it comes to creative juices, some societies have a faster flow than others. That’s because, new research suggests, creativity is tied to culture.
Researchers have studied the immediate reaction in the brain after quitting smoking. At just 12 hours after kicking the habit, the oxygen uptake and blood flow in the brain decrease significantly compared to never-smokers. This could explain why it is so difficult to say goodbye to nicotine once and for all.
In a pair of related studies, scientists have shown their drug candidates can target biological pathways involved in the destruction of brain cells in Parkinson's disease. The studies suggest it is possible to design highly effective and highly selective drug candidates that can protect the function of mitochondria, which provide the cell with energy, ultimately preventing brain cell death.
President Barack Obama wants the U.S. to invest much more in fighting antibiotic-resistant germs to prevent re-emergence of diseases conquered long ago. The White House says Obama will ask Congress to nearly double its funding to fight antibiotic resistance to $1.2 billion.
In a study, researchers have used human pluripotent stem cells to generate new hair. The study represents the first step toward the development of a cell-based treatment for people with hair loss.
Cancer uses a little-understood element of cell signaling to hijack the communication process and spread. A new computational study shows how cancer cells take advantage of the system by which cells communicate with their neighbors as they pass messages to “be like me” or “be not like me.”
The trachea is a tube that connects the upper respiratory tract to the lungs and helps carry air to the lungs. Traditional treatments for tracheal diseases usually involve removal of the affected tracheal segment. However, 3-D printing can effectively create a biodegradable tracheal segment containing a patient’s own cells for use in complex tracheal reconstruction.
Doctor after doctor said removing the tumor causing Pamela Scott's unrelenting headaches would require cutting open the top of her skull and pushing aside her brain. Then one offered a startling shortcut— operating through her eyelid. The idea: make a small incision right in the crease and sneak past the eyeball into the hard-to-reach center of the head.
“Living-dead” bacteria exist in limbo: biologically active but not proliferating. Buried in this zombie state, disease-causing bacteria could come back from the dead to re-infect patients. Researchers have produced the first evidence of this strange phenomenon in tuberculosis, suggesting new avenues for treatment.
Millions of genetically modified mosquitoes could be released in the Florida Keys if British researchers win approval to use the bugs against two extremely painful viral diseases. Never before have insects with modified DNA come so close to being set loose in a residential U.S. neighborhood.
The World Health Organization has proposed reforms that could overhaul its structure after botching the response to the biggest-ever Ebola outbreak, a sluggish performance that experts say cost thousands of lives. Several dozen of WHO's member countries have approved a resolution aimed at strengthening the U.N. health agency's ability to respond to emergencies.
The editors of Laboratory Equipment want you to start your week with a smile of your face. With years of science experience, we've heard every science joke there is. So, here’s a science joke you might like. Q: What happened when a physicist ate pasta and antipasti?
About 30 percent of U.S. adults reported not regularly getting a sufficient amount of sleep, a 2012 CDC survey found. Sleep deficiency has been linked to increased risk of automobile crashes, chronic disease and early mortality. Giving employees more control over their work schedules may help curb sleep deficiency.
Stress hormones in the mother can affect fetal development. Researchers found that increased levels of glucocorticoid stress hormones in pregnant mice caused the mother to eat more but reduced the ability of the placenta to transport glucose to her fetus.
Approximately 170,000 people die from alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver in Europe every year. Although alcohol is the most important risk factor, less is known about the significance of different patterns of drinking. Now, investigators have established that alcohol drinking pattern has a significant influence on the risk of cirrhosis and that daily drinking increases that risk compared with drinking less frequently.
The umami taste could have an important and beneficial role in health, according to a new study. Research also found that kokumi substances, which modify flavor, could improve the taste of low-fat foods.
The evidence to date suggests that up to 1 percent of all children in the UK have blood markers for celiac disease, an autoimmune reaction to dietary gluten from wheat, barley and rye. While the numbers of new cases diagnosed in infants and toddlers remained fairly stable across all four countries, diagnoses among children older than two years almost tripled in the space of 20 years.
Lori Simons took the bright orange pill at 3 a.m. Eight hours later, doctors sliced into her brain, looking for signs that the drug was working. She is taking part in one of the most unusual cancer experiments in the nation. With special permission from the FDA and multiple drug companies, a hospital is testing medicines very early in development and never tried on brain tumors before.
A revolutionary device has been shown to significantly lower blood pressure among patients with uncontrolled high blood pressure, compared to those treated with usual drug measures. The device is a paper clip-sized implant that is inserted between the artery and vein in the upper thigh, in a procedure lasting around 40 minutes under local anesthetic.
While the link between salt and hypertension is well known, scientists haven’t understood how high salt intake increased blood pressure. Now, by studying the brains of rats, researchers have discovered that ingesting large amounts of dietary salt causes changes in key brain circuits.
New research may help millions stick to a common resolution: quitting smoking. Scientists are working on a nicotine vaccine that could put an end to the addiction.
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