The Natural Resources Defense Council and the Environmental Defense Center have sued the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to strengthen standards to prevent pollution from stormwater, one of the nation’s most widespread forms of water pollution. More than a decade ago a federal appeals court ordered EPA to strengthen those protections, but the agency has failed to take action.
New research suggests that misfiring of the brain's control system might underpin...
A study of more than 80,000 women has uncovered different risks of developing type 2 diabetes...
One factor that can raise a person’s risk of developing diabetes and other metabolic problems is chronic exposure to the stress hormone cortisol. Cortisol can counteract insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar, and slow the body’s production of it. As people in developing nations relocate from rural areas to cities, the increased stress is affecting their hormone levels and making them more susceptible to diabetes.
Researchers have identified a single protein as the root of painful and dangerous allergic reactions to a range of medications and other substances. If a new drug can be found that targets the problematic protein it could help smooth treatment for patients with conditions ranging from prostate cancer to diabetes to HIV.
The Rosetta spacecraft caught up with the comet known as 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko beyond Mars this August, and its preliminary results— along with the studies it will allow in the near-future— top this year's list of the most important scientific breakthroughs, according to the editors of Science.
Ibuprofen, a common over-the-counter drug worldwide, added to the healthy lifespan of yeast, worms and flies in a recent study. The treatment, given at doses comparable to the recommended human dose, added about 15 percent more to the species lives. In humans, that would be equivalent to another dozen or so years of healthy living.
Impending fatherhood can lower two hormones— testosterone and estradiol— for men, even before their babies are born, according to a study. Other studies indicate that men's hormones change once they become fathers, and there is some evidence that this is a function of a decline after the child's birth. This is the first to show that the decline may begin even earlier, during the transition to fatherhood.
Obesity can be a disability, the European Court of Justice ruled today— a decision that could have widespread consequences across the 28-nation bloc for the way in which employers deal with severely overweight staff. The ruling, which is binding across the EU, has such profound implications for employment law that experts expect EU nations to challenge it.
It’s that time of the year again. You probably think I mean Christmas, but as a virologist the sight of glitter, fairy lights and mounting pine trees immediately makes me think of the flu season. And if there’s one thing that can ruin your family’s Christmas, it’s the arrival of that unwanted guest. There are lots of myths around about flu. So, here’s a quick guide to some common knowledge that actually turns out to be wrong.
Colorado will spend more than $8 million researching marijuana's medical potential— a new frontier because government-funded marijuana research traditionally focuses on the drug's negative health effects.
It has long been known that some people are better at navigating than others, but until now it has been unclear why. A new study shows that the strength and reliability of “homing signals” in the human brain vary among people and can predict navigational ability.
It's something your mother told you time and time again at the dinner table: "Eat your carrots, they'll help you see better!" So, was she right?
Smokers trying to quit often light up a cigarette to deal with stress. Now, an interdisciplinary team of researchers has shown that guanfacine, a medication approved for treating hypertension that reduces stress and enhances cognition, shows promise as a smoking cessation aid.
Satellite data shows that around many major U.S. cities, nighttime lights shine 20 to 50 percent brighter during Christmas and New Year's when compared to light output during the rest of the year. And, in some Middle Eastern cities, nighttime lights shine more than 50 percent brighter during Ramadan, compared to the rest of the year.
Migraine headaches may double the risk of a nervous system condition that causes facial paralysis, called Bell’s palsy. Bell’s palsy affects between 11 and 40 per 100,000 people each year. Headaches are the most common disorder of the nervous system and affect about 12 percent of the U.S. population.
Airline pilots can be exposed to the same amount of UV-A radiation as that from a tanning bed session because airplane windshields, commonly made of polycarbonate plastic or multilayer composite glass, do not completely block UV-A radiation.
Eggnog is a holiday treat, but it contains– surprise– eggs. So how come it’s okay for us to drink it? Here are a few questions and answers about eggnog and food safety.
Researchers have tested whether hugs act as a form of social support, protecting stressed people from getting sick. They found that greater social support and more frequent hugs protected people from the increased susceptibility to infection associated with being stressed and resulted in less severe illness symptoms.
For some people, mistletoe might one day represent more than a kiss at Christmas time: it may mean better liver health. Researchers have found that a compound produced by a particular variety of the plant can help fight obesity-related liver disease in mice.
Don't want to be confronted with the number of calories in that margarita or craft beer? Then avoid the menu and order at the bar. New menu labeling rules from the FDA will require chain restaurants with 20 or more outlets to list the amount of calories in alcoholic drinks, along with other foods, on menus by next November.
The U.S. continues to look at the use and regulation of phthalates, which have been associated with health problems. Of particular concern is the safety of these plastic additives to children. When warmed by sunlight or a body’s heat, vinyl covers for crib mattresses release more phthalates.
A Michigan State Univ. professor will use a $310,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to study how scientists can become better communicators. The project will study how scientists both view and communicate with the public.
New school and office workspace designs, created by a group of Penn State engineering students, are intended to allow users to share space and materials while maintaining their own work areas— a dual purpose the researchers say has been neglected.
A six-year study of more than 6,000 Australian women has revealed a clear link between fruit consumption and the development of depressive symptoms. Women who eat fewer than two servings of fruit a day face a greater risk of developing depression.
The Paleolithic diet, or caveman diet, is a weight-loss craze in which people emulate the diet of plants and animals eaten by early humans during the Stone Age. But, there's very little evidence that any early hominids had specialized diets or there were specific food categories that seemed particularly important.
In a new study, researchers investigated task attentiveness and the ability to regulate emotions, using data from more than 3,400 children who participated in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. They found that attempts to improve children's attentiveness in the early years could be rewarded with better literacy and math abilities by ages six to seven.
The STEM fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics supposedly suffer from a shortage of graduates. But, there are plenty of STEM graduates; the U.S. is just training them the wrong way. It’s true there are many professional STEM vacancies but there are also many STEM grads who could fill them. The problem is the current training pipeline doesn’t direct graduates to these non-academic jobs.
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