Determinants of health have traditionally been the concern of public health and have not been linked closely to clinical practice. However, if standardized social and behavioral data can be incorporated into patient electronic health records (EHRs), those data can provide crucial information about factors that influence health and the effectiveness of treatment.
Adults ages 18 to 26 should be viewed as a separate subpopulation in policy and research,...
In a report on cyber threats, experts warn about loss of privacy, abuse of trust between users...
Information and communications technology has already revolutionized industries from publishing and entertainment to education and health care– and now, it’s transportation’s turn. Two easy examples: commuters can access real-time traffic information via their mobile phones, while adaptive signal lights can sense that a car is waiting at a red light with no cross-traffic present and switch to green to accommodate it.
A new report develops and demonstrates a decision framework for evaluating potentially safer substitute chemicals as primarily determined by human health and ecological risks. This new framework is informed by previous efforts by regulatory agencies, academic institutions and others to develop alternative assessment frameworks that could be operationalized.
A new report recommends best practices that law enforcement agencies and courts should follow to improve the likelihood that eyewitness identifications used in criminal cases will be accurate. Science has provided an increasingly clear picture of the inherent limits in human visual perception and memory that can lead to errors, as well as the ways unintentional cues during law enforcement processes can compromise eyewitness identifications.
The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology has released a report to the President, “Combating Antibiotic Resistance.” The report was released simultaneously with a “National Strategy on Combating Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria,” as well as with a Presidential Executive Order, emphasizing to the Nation the importance of addressing this growing challenge.
The U.S. health care system is not properly designed to meet the needs of patients nearing the end of life and those of their families, and major changes to the system are necessary, says a new report.
New data from the UN show that under-five mortality rates have dropped by 49 percent between 1990 and 2013. The average annual reduction has accelerated– in some countries it has even tripled– but overall progress is still short of meeting the global target of a two-thirds decrease in under-five mortality by 2015.
A new expert panel report helps to paint the clearest picture of Canada’s science culture and science culture support system in 25 years. The expert panel who conducted the assessment found Canadians excel in public science knowledge, attitudes and engagement; however they also determined there is room for improvement in some areas, including skills development.
Open data refers to data that is made freely available without restrictions. A report estimated that open data could add over $3 trillion annually in total value to the global economy. This report provides a snapshot of state efforts to create open data policies and portals and ranks states on their progress.
An M&A frenzy that accounted for nearly $90 billion of equity set the pace for the first half of 2014 in the pharma and biotech sectors, but a slowdown in IPOs and six months of volatile market activity could tarnish the year’s shimmering start.
The Department of Transportation has released an advance notice of proposed rulemaking and a supporting comprehensive research report on vehicle-to-vehicle communications technology. The report includes analysis of the Department's research findings in several key areas, including technical feasibility, privacy and security and preliminary estimates on costs and safety benefits.
The vast majority of respondents to canvassing anticipate that robotics and artificial intelligence will permeate wide segments of daily life by 2025, with huge implications for a range of industries such as health care, transport and logistics, customer service and home maintenance.
The Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering survey is an annual census of all U.S. academic institutions granting research-based master’s degrees or doctorates in science, engineering and selected health fields as of fall of the survey year. Results are used to assess shifts in graduate enrollment and postdoc appointments and trends in financial support.
The Chinese government sees information and communications technology (ICT) as a key catalyst for China’s transition from a manufacturing to a knowledge-based economy. That is why a decade ago China designated “informatization,” the adoption and enhancement of ICT in every aspect of the economy and society, as a central facet of the nation’s economic modernization strategy.
Although planning for Everglades restoration projects has advanced considerably over the past two years, financial, procedural and policy constraints have impeded project implementation.
The conventional view of innovation is that it is something that just takes place idiosyncratically in “Silicon Valley garages” and R&D laboratories. But in fact, innovation in any nation is best understood as being embedded in a national innovation system.
The National Survey of Recent College Graduates, conducted from 1973 through 2010, was a cross-sectional biennial survey that provided demographic and career information about individuals holding a bachelor's or master's degree in a science, engineering or health field from a U.S. academic institution.
A new report explores the case for advancing the U.S.’ space exploration endeavors, drawing on the history of rationales for human spaceflight, examining the attitudes of stakeholders and the public and carefully assessing the technical and fiscal realities.
State economies are constantly evolving complex ecosystems. Indeed, U.S. state economies of 2014 are not just larger but different than the state economies of 2013. Understanding that we are dealing with evolving rather than static state economies has significant implications for state economic policy.
The international climate community is focused on completing negotiations on a new global agreement to address climate change, which will be decided by the end of 2015. It’s time for a fundamentally new approach to global climate change; one that looks beyond the staid approaches of years past and directly attacks the core problem: making clean energy cheaper than fossil fuels through proactive clean energy innovation policy.
Environmental scientists and synthetic biologists have, for the first time, developed a set of key research areas to study the potential ecological impacts of synthetic biology, a field that could push beyond incremental changes to create organisms that transcend common evolutionary pathways.
A one-year study has yielded a long-range plan for the development of the next generation simulation-based aerospace design process, described in a new report.
The Obama administration’s stated R&D priorities for the current budget reprise some common themes from past years, including advanced manufacturing, low-carbon energy technology, STEM education, neuroscience and other fields. However, as in past years, the possibility for increased investments in most areas is deeply constrained for FY 2015.
The global economy will strengthen over the coming two years, but urgent action is still required to further reduce unemployment and address other legacies from the crisis.
A project used an innovative geographic approach to analyze the potential for new hydropower development in U.S. stream segments that do not currently have hydroelectric facilities.
The climate, ecosystems and communities of the Arctic are changing rapidly in complex ways that have implications throughout the region and, increasingly, around the globe. A new report presents emerging research questions that address newly recognized phenomena, make use of new technology or avenues of accessibility or build on recent research results and insights.
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