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Infrared Light Spots Malaria at Early Stage

May 2, 2014 7:00 am | by Monash Univ. | News | Comments

A quick and inexpensive test that uses infrared light to detect malaria at a very early stage of its development could dramatically reduce the number of people who die from the disease.

Citrus Scent May Be Key to Sustainable Products

May 1, 2014 12:42 pm | by South Dakota State Univ. | News | Comments

A natural citrus scent called limonene may be the key to sustainability when it comes to making fragrances, solvents and perhaps even jet fuel.

Vaccine Produces Immune Response to MERS Virus

May 1, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Maryland School of Medicine | News | Comments

A university and a biopharmaceutical company have announced the first potentially effective means for preventing a MERS coronavirus outbreak in the form of a vaccine.

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Whey Proteins May Aid Obese Adults

May 1, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

In a study of obese adults, whey protein— found in milk and cheese— lowered blood levels of fatty acids and boosted helpful amino acids after meals.

Researchers Improve Dental Filling Material

May 1, 2014 7:00 am | by Vienna Univ. of Technology | News | Comments

Scientists have developed a new generation of photoactive materials, based on the element Germanium, which will make filling cavities a faster and easier process.

Self-assembling Material May Produce Flat Semiconductors

April 30, 2014 12:00 pm | by MIT, David Chandler | News | Comments

Researchers have found a two-dimensional, self-assembling material that might produce solar cells or transistors.

Barnacle-repelling Paint Gives Ships Back Their Speed

April 30, 2014 12:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

Barnacles might seem like a given part of a seasoned ship’s hull, but they’re literally quite a drag and cause a ship to burn more fuel. To prevent these and other hangers-on from slowing ships down, scientists are developing a sustainable paint ingredient from plants that can repel clingy sea critters without killing them.

Color-changing Sensor Shows How Much Force a Surface ‘Feels’

April 30, 2014 12:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

Using colors from deep blue to rich coral, a novel sensor can tell us how much force and pressure objects, such as crash-test dummies, “feel.”

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Breath-freshening Strips Inspire Lab-in-a-pill

April 29, 2014 12:00 pm | by McMaster Univ. | Videos | Comments

Inspiration can come in many forms, but a recent spark truly was a breath of fresh air. A team has reduced the sophisticated chemistry required for testing water safety to a simple pill, by adapting technology found in a dissolving breath strip.

System Extracts Power from Brewery's Wastewater

April 28, 2014 7:00 am | by MIT, Rob Matheson | News | Comments

A new wastewater treatment system, intended for use in breweries and wineries, will generate enough electricity to meet 25 to 50 percent of these facilities’ needs and allow reuse of about 25 percent of their water.

Powdered Alcohol Poses Safety Problems, Appeals to Kids

April 25, 2014 12:33 pm | by The Conversation, Jane Binakonsky | News | Comments

Alcoholic powder will likely attract a youthful and risk-taking customer base just as alcoholic Jello did, and the result might just be more drinking, more addiction, injuries and other adverse consequences to the drinkers as well as the people around them.

FDA to Revise Feed Rule Affecting Brewers

April 25, 2014 12:00 pm | by Associated Press, M.L. Johnson | News | Comments

The Food and Drug Administration says it will revise proposed livestock feed rules after hearing objections about the potential cost from brewers who sell grain leftover from making beer to ranchers and dairy farmers.

Food Thickener Strengthens Silk Biomaterials

April 25, 2014 12:00 pm | by RIKEN | News | Comments

Researchers have found that the addition of pectin molecules significantly improves the mechanical properties of silk-based hydrogels that act as tissue engineering substrates.

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Major Firm to List Fracking Chemicals

April 25, 2014 12:00 pm | by Associate Press, Kevin Begos, Matthew Daly | News | Comments

A major supplier to the oil and gas industry says it will begin disclosing 100 percent of the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing fluid, with no exemptions for trade secrets.

Plants Welcome Harmful Bacteria

April 25, 2014 7:00 am | by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory | News | Comments

A common plant puts out a welcome mat to bacteria seeking to invade, and scientists have discovered the mat’s molecular mix.

‘Double-duty’ Electrolyte Key to Longer-lived Batteries

April 25, 2014 7:00 am | by Oak Ridge National Laboratory | News | Comments

The electrolyte in a team’s new battery design has dual functions: it serves not only as an ion conductor but also as a cathode supplement. This cooperative chemistry, enabled by the use of a solid electrolyte, delivers an extra boost to the battery’s capacity and extends the lifespan of the device.

Magnetic Particles Help Fight Olive Oil Counterfeiting

April 24, 2014 1:46 pm | by ETH Zurich | News | Comments

An invisible label could ensure that expensive olive oil isn't counterfeit or adulterated. The tag comprises tiny magnetic DNA particles encapsulated in a silica casing and mixed with the oil.

Preserved Blood Doesn’t Belong to Louis XVI

April 24, 2014 1:30 pm | by Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) | News | Comments

The results of an international study indicate that the DNA recovered from the inside of a pumpkin, previously attributed to the French King Louis XVI, does not actually belong to the monarch, guillotined in 1793.

Antibacterial Compound Linked to Cancer Cells

April 24, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

Triclosan, a common antibacterial compound in soaps and other products, spurred the growth of breast cancer cells in lab tests and mice.

Compound Halts Cocaine Addiction, Relapse Behaviors

April 24, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. at Buffalo | News | Comments

A novel compound that targets an important brain receptor has a dramatic effect against a host of cocaine addiction behaviors, including relapse behavior, an animal study has found.

Researchers Steer Chemical Reactions with Laser Pulses

April 24, 2014 7:00 am | by Vienna Univ. of Technology | News | Comments

Usually, chemical reactions just take their course, much like a ball rolling downhill. However, chemists using femtosecond laser pulses can change the distribution of electrons in molecules and the disturbance of the electrons can initiate chemical processes.

‘Nanoreporters’ Gather Intel on Oil Prior to Pumping

April 23, 2014 7:00 am | by Rice Univ. | News | Comments

Scientists have created a nanoscale detector that checks for and reports on the presence of hydrogen sulfide in crude oil and natural gas while they’re still in the ground.

Mineral Highlights Nature's Infinite Variability

April 23, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Adelaide | News | Comments

A mineralogy researcher has discovered a new mineral that is unique in structure and composition among the world's 4,000 known mineral species.

Chemists Test Pot for Potency, Safety

April 23, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | Videos | Comments

In a new video, scientists explain the chemistry behind marijuana's high, and investigate what scientists are doing to ensure legalized weed won't send users on a bad trip.

Old Tires Help Make New, Improved Roads

April 22, 2014 12:00 pm | by NSF | News | Comments

A scientist is experimenting with "crumb" rubber— ground up tires of different-sized particles— to improve the rubberized road materials that a number of states are already using to enhance aging asphalt.

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