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Chemicals in Fruits Minimize Damage After Heart Attack, Stroke

November 6, 2014 2:00 pm | by Univ. of Cambridge | News | Comments

Scientists have identified chemicals found in some everyday fruit that could protect vital organs from long-term damage following a heart attack or stroke, according to new research carried out in mice. The researchers now hope the chemicals will provide a starting point for developing new injectable drugs that could be used to prevent some of the long-term damage caused by heart attack and stroke.

Weighing the Advantages of Gravimetric Analysis

November 6, 2014 1:55 pm | by Joanne Ratcliff, Communications Project Manager, Laboratory Weighing, METTLER TOLEDO | Articles | Comments

A gravimetric approach to sample preparation increases accuracy and precision while reducing material use and costs.                                                

Fuel Cell Can Run Sans High Heat

November 6, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Utah | News | Comments

Engineers have developed the first room-temperature fuel cell that uses enzymes to help jet fuel produce electricity without needing to ignite the fuel. These new fuel cells can be used to power portable electronics, off-grid power and sensors.


Beetle Inspires Anti-counterfeiting Measure

November 6, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

From water marks to colored threads, governments are constantly adding new features to paper money to stay one step ahead of counterfeiters. Now, a longhorn beetle has inspired yet another way to foil cash fraud, as well as to produce colorful, changing billboards and art displays.

Sunlight, Nanoparticles, Graphene Combo Breaks Down BPA

November 6, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

Many pollutants with the potential to meddle with hormones— with BPA as a prime example— are already common in the environment. In an effort to clean up these pollutants found in the soil and waterways, scientists are now reporting a novel way to break them down by recruiting help from nanoparticles and light.

Non-gluten Wheat Proteins Linked to Celiac Disease

November 5, 2014 2:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

Gluten proteins in wheat products might not be the only ones involved in celiac disease. Scientists are reporting that people with the disease also have reactions to non-gluten wheat proteins.

Nonalcoholic Beer that Smells Alcoholic is Tastier

November 5, 2014 7:00 am | by Plataforma SINC | News | Comments

Consumers often complain that alcohol-free beer is tasteless, but some of the aromas it lacks can be carried across from regular beer. Researchers have developed the technique, using a pervaporation process, and a panel of tasters has confirmed its effectiveness.

Low Levels of Common Toxin Can Alter Stem Cells

November 5, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Adelaide | News | Comments

World-first research has found that even low levels of a common toxin in drinking water are enough to cause problems in developing brain cells— but there's no cause for alarm for water drinkers just yet.


Canola Biodiesel More Lethal than Traditional

November 4, 2014 2:00 pm | by ScienceNetwork WA | News | Comments

Exhaust from pure canola oil biodiesel is more lethal for human epithelial cells than that from traditional diesel, new research contends. The research found that the ultrafine size of fuel exhaust particles from refined and blended canola oil can lead to respiratory health problems.

Engineers Develop Better Bomb-sniffing Tech

November 4, 2014 2:00 pm | by Univ. of Utah | News | Comments

Engineers have developed a new type of carbon nanotube material for handheld sensors that will be quicker and better at sniffing out explosives, deadly gases and illegal drugs. They plan to build a prototype handheld sensor by year’s end and produce the first commercial scanners early next year.

Chemists Create Film for Energy Storage, Hydrogen

November 4, 2014 2:00 pm | by Rice Univ. | News | Comments

Scientists who want to gain an edge in energy production and storage have reported that they have found it in molybdenum disulfide. They turned molybdenum disulfide’s two-dimensional form into a nanoporous film that can catalyze the production of hydrogen or be used for energy storage.

Biosimilar Drugs Key to Saving Billions in Health Care

November 4, 2014 7:00 am | by RAND Corporation | News | Comments

Introducing competing biosimilar versions of complex biologic drugs used to treat illnesses such as cancer and rheumatoid arthritis could cut spending on biologics in the U.S. by $44 billion over the next decade, according to new analysis from a nonprofit research organization.

Calcium Oxide Can Improve Cattle Diets

November 4, 2014 7:00 am | by Purdue Univ. | News | Comments

Research has shown that small amounts of calcium oxide can neutralize the acid in distillers grains, a commonly used alternative to corn in many livestock feed mixes. The findings are good news for beef producers hoping to provide a more nutritious, better balanced diet to their animals while keeping their feed budgets manageable.


Process Yields Valuable Chemicals from Wood, Crop Waste

November 3, 2014 2:00 pm | by Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison | News | Comments

Scientists today disclosed a new method to convert lignin, a biomass waste product, into simple chemicals. The innovation is an important step toward replacing petroleum-based fuels and chemicals with biorenewable materials.

Test May Fight Preventable Blindness in Africa

November 3, 2014 2:00 pm | by PATH | News | Comments

A new test will accelerate global progress toward eliminating onchocerciasis, a leading cause of preventable blindness in Africa. An international nonprofit health organization, has announced the availability of an antibody-based test that is faster, easier-to-use and more acceptable to impacted communities than the current option.

Method Turns Antibodies to Tuned Nanobodies

November 3, 2014 2:00 pm | by Rockefeller Univ. | News | Comments

Antibodies, in charge of recognizing and homing in on molecular targets, are among the most useful tools in biology and medicine. Nanobodies– antibodies’ tiny cousins– can do the same tasks, for example marking molecules for research or flagging diseased cells for destruction. But, thanks to their comparative simplicity, nanobodies offer the tantalizing prospect of being much easier to produce.

Genetic Toolkit Helps Maximize Crop Yields

November 3, 2014 6:00 am | by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory | News | Comments

Scientists have announced a new way to dramatically increase crop yields by improving upon Mother Nature's offerings. A team has discovered a set of gene variations that can boost fruit production in the tomato plant by as much as 100 percent.

Sugar-free Candy is Dangerous for Dogs

October 31, 2014 2:00 pm | by Kansas State Univ. | News | Comments

When taking home a stash of candy, keep an eye on the sugar-free kind. While it may be a good alternative for humans, just a small amount can be life-threatening for pets. One stick of sugar-free gum can be toxic to your dog.

Water-fueled Microrockets Neutralize Threats

October 31, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

With fears growing over chemical and biological weapons falling into the wrong hands, scientists are developing microrockets to fight back against these dangerous agents, should the need arise. Now, they have created spherical micromotors that rapidly neutralize chemical and biological agents and use water as fuel.

Scientists Look at Chemistry of Death

October 31, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | Videos | Comments

What happens when you die? It's a spooky question, but it doesn't have to be. Even after you depart, there's a lot of chemistry that still goes on inside you.

Engineering Boosts Biogas Production in Microbes

October 31, 2014 7:00 am | by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | News | Comments

In the ongoing effort to develop advanced biofuels as a clean, green and sustainable source of liquid transportation fuels, researchers have identified microbial genes that can improve both the tolerance and the production of biogasoline in engineered strains of Escherichia coli.

Research Finds Key to Cheaper Biofuels, Improved Crops

October 31, 2014 7:00 am | by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | News | Comments

By manipulating a plant’s metabolic pathways, two scientists have figured out a way to genetically rewire plants to allow for an exceptionally high level of control over the spatial pattern of gene expression, while at the same time boosting expression to very high levels. Now, they have launched a startup company to apply this technology for developing low-cost biofuels that could be cost-competitive with gasoline and corn ethanol.

Do You Know the Truth About Your Shrimp?

October 30, 2014 2:00 pm | by Associated Press, Cain Burdeau | News | Comments

An advocacy group says it found about 30 percent of 143 shrimp products bought from 111 vendors were not what the label said. Cheap imported farm-raised shrimp is being sold as prized wild-caught Gulf shrimp, common shrimp sold as premium shrimp and shrimp of all kinds sold with no indication whatsoever about their origin.

Early BPA Exposure Linked to Later Food Intolerance

October 30, 2014 2:00 pm | by Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology | News | Comments

Scientists have shown that there is a link between perinatal exposure to BPA at low doses and the risk of developing food intolerance in later life. This research, involving rats, suggests that early life exposure at a dose significantly below the current human safety limit set by the FDA affects developing immune systems, predisposing offspring to food intolerance in adulthood.

Air Around Oil, Gas Sites May Be Dangerous

October 30, 2014 2:00 pm | by BioMed Central | News | Comments

New research suggests air pollutants released by unconventional oil and gas production are well over recommended levels in the U.S. The study is the first to be based on community sampling by people who live near production sites and could be used to supplement official air-quality monitoring programs.

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