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Protein ‘Rescues’ Stuck Cell Factories

March 21, 2014 7:00 am | by Johns Hopkins Univ. | News | Comments

Using a powerful data-crunching technique, researchers have sorted out how a protein keeps defective genetic material from gumming up the cellular works.

Researchers Gain Insight into Mammalian Protein Synthesis

March 21, 2014 7:00 am | by Brookhaven National Laboratory | News | Comments

Protein synthesis is the most important cellular function. The initiation of this process is the most regulated and most critical component, but it is still the least understood. Now, research has unlocked the genetic scanning mechanism that begins this crucial piece of cell machinery.

Shrink Wrap Enhances Detection of Disease Biomarkers

March 20, 2014 12:27 pm | by The Optical Society | News | Comments

Detecting HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other deadly infectious diseases as early as possible helps to prevent their rapid spread and allows for more effective treatments. Now, a new nanotechnology method— employing common, everyday shrink wrap— may make highly sensitive, extremely low-cost diagnosis of infectious disease agents possible.

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Future Heat Waves Pose Threat to Global Food Supply

March 20, 2014 12:00 pm | by Institute of Physics | News | Comments

Heat waves could significantly reduce crop yields and threaten global food supply if climate change is not tackled and reversed. This is according to a new study that has, for the first time, estimated the global effects of extreme temperatures and elevated levels of carbon dioxide on the production of maize, wheat and soybean.

'Brighter' Future for Bacteria Detection on Foods

March 20, 2014 8:38 am | by MIT | News | Comments

A new advanced assay platform “lights up” pathogenic bacteria, such as listeria, E. coli and salmonella, for quick detection on foods and vegetables. The assay uses biological particles called bacteriophages, or phages, which only target bacteria. 

Texans Prefer Salty Vodka

March 19, 2014 2:40 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

A Texas taste testing found that the key to the favorite Lone Star State’s vodkas is in the dissolved salts in the water used for each brand.

‘Nanoflares’ Catch Cancer Spread Earlier

March 19, 2014 12:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

When cancer spreads from one part of the body to another, it becomes even more deadly. It moves with stealth and can go undetected for months or years. But, a new technology that uses “nanoflares” has the potential to catch these lurking, mobilized tumor cells early.

Room-temperature Vaccine Could Aid Remote Areas

March 19, 2014 12:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

A new kind of single-dose vaccine that comes in a nasal spray and doesn’t require refrigeration could dramatically alter the public health landscape— get more people vaccinated around the world and address the looming threats of emerging and re-emerging diseases.

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Stomach Bacteria Linked to Health Benefits of Dark Chocolate

March 19, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

The health benefits of eating dark chocolate have been extolled for centuries, but the exact reason has remained a mystery. Now, researchers are reporting that certain bacteria in the stomach gobble the chocolate and ferment it into anti-inflammatory compounds that are good for the heart.

Method is 1,000x More Sensitive to Doping Drugs

March 19, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

While the world’s best athletes competed during the winter Olympics, scientists were waging a battle behind the scenes to make sure no one had an unfair advantage from banned performance-enhancing drugs. Now, researchers have unveiled a new weapon— a test for doping compounds that is a thousand times more sensitive than those used today.

Antimony Nanocrystals Key to Future Batteries

March 19, 2014 7:00 am | by ETH Zurich | News | Comments

Researchers have succeeded in producing uniform antimony nanocrystals. Tested as components of laboratory batteries, they are able to store a large number of both lithium and sodium ions.

'Pressure Cooker' Creates High-strength Materials

March 18, 2014 12:22 pm | by Vienna Univ. of Technology | News | Comments

Materials for lightweight construction, protective clothing or sports equipment can be produced at high temperatures and high pressures, say chemists. This process is faster, better and more eco-friendly than other techniques.

New Lab Works Toward Safer Spices

March 18, 2014 12:00 pm | by Virginia Tech | News | Comments

A research project at a new biosecurity level 2 pilot plant facility is working to create validated processes that the spice industry could use to assure that Salmonella on whole black peppercorns and cumin seeds is eliminated.

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End of Animal Testing May Be Nigh

March 18, 2014 12:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

As some countries and companies roll out new rules to limit animal testing in pharmaceutical products designed for people, scientists are stepping in with a new way to test therapeutic drug candidates and determine drug safety and drug interactions— without using animals.

Alligator, Other Animal Fat Can Make Biofuel

March 18, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

Chicken fat, pork fat or beef fat— none is the cornerstone of a healthful diet— but animal fats, including those from alligators, could give an economical, ecofriendly boost to the biofuel industry, according to researchers who reported a new method for biofuel production.

Smart Tag Warns of Bad Food

March 18, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | Videos | Comments

Researchers say a new color-changing smart tag can tell consumers whether a carton of milk has turned sour or a can of green beans has spoiled without opening the containers.

Carefully Timed Algorithms Aid Chemistry

March 17, 2014 12:00 pm | by Oak Ridge National Laboratory | News | Comments

Molecular dynamics simulations often take too long to be practical for simulating chemical processes that occur on long timescales. Now, scientists have shown that time integration algorithms working in parallel can significantly speed up computationally demanding molecular dynamics simulations.

Chocolate Pills May Aid Heart Health

March 17, 2014 12:00 pm | by Associated Press, Marilynn Marchione | News | Comments

It won't be nearly as much fun as eating candy bars, but a big study is being launched to see if pills containing the nutrients in dark chocolate can help prevent heart attacks and strokes.

Tequila Plant-based Sweetener Helps Reduce Blood Sugar, Weight

March 17, 2014 12:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

A sweetener created from the plant used to make tequila could lower blood glucose levels for the 26 million Americans and others worldwide who have type 2 diabetes and help them and the obese lose weight, researchers say.

Water Molecules Will Bounce Off a Liquid Surface

March 17, 2014 12:00 pm | by MIT, Jennifer Chu | News | Comments

A study may lead to more efficient water-desalination systems and a fundamental understanding of fluid flow.

Bionic Plants Hold Huge Potential

March 17, 2014 12:00 pm | by MIT, Anne Trafton | News | Comments

Plants have many functions: they provide food and fuel, release the oxygen that we breathe and add beauty to our surroundings. Now, researchers want to make plants even more useful by augmenting them with nanomaterials that could enhance their energy production and give them completely new functions, such as monitoring environmental pollutants.

'Sweet' Fight Against Antibiotic Resistance

March 17, 2014 12:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

Honey, that delectable condiment for breads and fruits, could be one sweet solution to the serious, ever-growing problem of bacterial resistance to antibiotics.

Papermaking Waste May Be Key to BPA Alternative

March 17, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

A waste product from making paper could yield a safer, greener alternative to the potentially harmful chemical BPA, now banned from baby bottles but still used in many plastics.

Oral Pain Reliever May Be Derived from Snail Venom

March 17, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

Scientists reported they have created at least five new experimental substances— based on a tiny protein found in cone snail venom— that could someday lead to the development of safe and effective oral medications for treatment of chronic nerve pain.

Calcium, Acidity Key to Better-tasting, Low-fat Desserts

March 17, 2014 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

Adjusting the calcium level and acidity could be the key to developing new better-tasting, more eye-appealing and creamier reduced-fat sauces, desserts and salad dressings that could be on the market soon, researchers are reporting.

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