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Method Keeps Cathode Material 'in Line' to Enhance Batteries

November 20, 2013 12:00 pm | by American Institute of Physics | News | Comments

Researchers have fabricated a cathode of lithium cobalt oxide in which the compound's individual grains are aligned in a specific orientation. The researchers claim that this yields a significantly higher performing battery than one with a randomly oriented cathode.

Technique Provides Control During Manufacturing of Gold Nanorods

November 20, 2013 7:00 am | by North Carolina State Univ. | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a technique for efficiently producing nanoscale gold rods in large quantities while simultaneously controlling the dimensions of the nanorods and their optical properties.

Method Predicts Biomolecule Interaction with Water

November 20, 2013 7:00 am | by American Institute of Physics | News | Comments

A team of biochemists and mathematicians have developed a sophisticated geometric model to predict how a biological molecule will interact with water molecules, computing the results up to 20 times faster than other existing approaches.

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Microbes Key in Converting Gas to Liquid Fuel

November 19, 2013 7:00 am | by Sandia National Laboratories | News | Comments

Researchers will use their expertise in protein expression, enzyme engineering and high-throughput assays as part of a multi-project endeavor aimed at developing advanced biocatalyst technologies that can convert natural gas to liquid fuel for transportation.

New Photocatalyst Boosts Solar Material

November 19, 2013 7:00 am | by Engineering at Illinois | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a new form of high-performance solar photocatalyst based on the combination of the TiO2 and other “metallic” oxides that greatly enhance the visible light absorption and promote more efficient utilization of the solar spectrum for energy applications.

Pressure Cooking Improves Car Batteries

November 19, 2013 7:00 am | by UC Riverside | News | Comments

By creating nanoparticles with a controlled shape, researchers believe smaller, more powerful and energy efficient batteries can be built. By modifying the size and shape of battery components, they aim to reduce charge times as well.

SlipChip Counts Molecules with Chemistry, Cellphone

November 19, 2013 7:00 am | by Caltech | Videos | Comments

Researchers have demonstrated a method for using a lab-on-a-chip device and a cellphone to determine a concentration of molecules, such as HIV RNA molecules, in a sample.

DNA Motor 'Walks' Along Nanotube

November 18, 2013 12:00 pm | by Purdue Univ. | News | Comments

Researchers have created a new type of molecular motor made of DNA and demonstrated its potential by using it to transport a nanoparticle along the length of a carbon nanotube.

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Battery Electrode Heals Itself

November 18, 2013 12:00 pm | by SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory | News | Comments

Researchers have engineered the first self-healing battery electrode, opening a new and potentially commercially viable path for next-generation lithium-ion batteries for use in electric cars, cell phones and other devices.

Overcoming Brittleness: New Insights into Bulk Metallic Glass

November 18, 2013 7:00 am | by Berkeley Lab | News | Comments

A new study may point the way to improving the fatigue resistance of monolithic bulk glasses. It found that a bulk metallic glass based on palladium displayed a fatigue strength as good as the best composite bulk metallic glasses and comparable to regular polycrystalline structural alloys, such as steel, aluminum and titanium.

Biologists ID New Cancer Weakness

November 15, 2013 2:41 pm | by MIT | News | Comments

A new study has found that tumor cells with mutated p53 can be made much more vulnerable to chemotherapy by blocking another gene called MK2. In a study of mice, tumors lacking both p53 and MK2 shrank dramatically when treated with the drug cisplatin, while tumors with functional MK2 kept growing after treatment.

Water Splitter Made of Silicon, Nickel Promises Better Solar Cells

November 15, 2013 2:34 pm | by Stanford Univ. | News | Comments

Researchers have developed an inexpensive device that uses light to split water into oxygen and clean-burning hydrogen. The goal is to supplement solar cells with hydrogen-powered fuel cells that can generate electricity when the sun isn't shining or demand is high. 

Tiny ‘Lego’ Blocks Build Promising Nanotubes

November 15, 2013 7:00 am | by Univ. of Warwick | News | Comments

Researchers have created tiny protein tubes named after the Roman god Janus that may offer a new way to accurately channel drugs into the body’s cells.

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Progress Toward Detection of Radioactive Materials in Water

November 14, 2013 12:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

As the Fukushima crisis continues to remind the world of the potential dangers of nuclear disposal and unforeseen accidents, scientists are reporting progress toward a new way to detect the radioactive materials uranium and plutonium in waste water.

Neutron Scattering, Supercomputing Demystify Biofuel Production

November 14, 2013 7:00 am | by Oak Ridge National Laboratory | News | Comments

Researchers, studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels, have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the production of bioenergy.

Cocaine Toxicity Clues May Lead to Better Detection Tests

November 13, 2013 12:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

A new study on cocaine details how it may permanently damage proteins in the body. That information, gleaned from laboratory tests, could be used to potentially detect the drug in biofluids for weeks or months— instead of days— after use.

Method for Dissolving Semiconductors Holds Promise for Electronics

November 13, 2013 12:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

Semiconductors, the foundation of modern electronics, could become even more versatile as researchers make headway on a novel, inexpensive way to turn them into thin films.

Biosensor Can Make Heart Surgery Safer for Brain

November 12, 2013 12:00 pm | by Johns Hopkins Univ. | News | Comments

Engineers and cardiology experts have teamed up to develop a fingernail-sized biosensor that could alert doctors when serious brain injury occurs during heart surgery.

X-Rays Reveal Property of Nanoparticles

November 12, 2013 12:00 pm | by European Synchrotron Radiation Facility | News | Comments

A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles, according to a team that used X-rays to reveal an unexpected property of widely used nanoparticles.

Asymmetrical Particles Improve Lab-on-a-Chip Devices

November 12, 2013 7:00 am | by MIT, Anne Trafton | Videos | Comments

Chemical engineers have designed tiny particles that can “steer” themselves along preprogrammed trajectories and align themselves to flow through the center of a microchannel, making it possible to control the particles’ flow through microfluidic devices without applying any external forces.

Method Sheds Light on Gas Storage in Microscopic Cages

November 12, 2013 7:00 am | by Rice Univ. | News | Comments

A computational method to quantify the adsorption of gas by porous zeolites should help labs know what to expect before they embark upon slow, costly experiments.

Metal Matters to Methane-Munching Microorganisms

November 11, 2013 12:00 pm | by Georgia Institute of Technology | News | Comments

On the continental margins, where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water’s surface, low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals. Called methane hydrates, these crystals are a potential energy source, but they are also a potential source of global warming.

Polymers Disrupt Bacterial Communication

November 11, 2013 12:00 pm | by The Univ. of Nottingham | News | Comments

Artificial materials based on simple synthetic polymers can disrupt the way that bacteria communicate with each other.

FDA Seeks Faster Label Updates for Generic Drugs

November 11, 2013 7:00 am | by Associated Press | News | Comments

The Food and Drug Administration is seeking a rule change to allow generic drugmakers to quickly update their warning labels with new safety information for doctors and patients.

Don't Panic: 'Mexican Coke' in U.S. Will Still Use Cane Sugar

November 8, 2013 7:00 am | by Associated Press | News | Comments

Fans of "Mexican Coke" in the U.S. need not worry about losing the cane sugar that sweetens their favorite drink.

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