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Statistical Techniques Pinpoint Paint for Forensics

November 27, 2013 7:00 am | by Curtin Univ. | News | Comments

The use of statistical techniques to interpret chemical information has played a key role in developing a more discriminating model for the forensic analysis of car paint.

Tiny Microbes Influence Flavor, Quality of Wine

November 26, 2013 12:00 pm | by UC Davis | News | Comments

Unseen microbial communities on wine grapes are shaped by the environment and may help improve wine flavor and quality.

Ancient Earth Minerals May Have Been Very Different

November 26, 2013 7:00 am | by Carnegie Institution for Science | News | Comments

Scientific models of life’s origins almost always look to minerals for such essential tasks as the synthesis of life’s molecular building blocks. But this assumes that the mineral species found on Earth today are much the same as when life emerged. A new analysis challenges that assumption.

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Compounds Boost Antibiotics’ Effectiveness

November 25, 2013 1:05 pm | by UC Irvine | News | Comments

Inhibitor compounds developed by structural biologists and chemists have been shown to bolster the ability of antibiotics to treat deadly bacterial diseases, such as MRSA and anthrax.

Synthetic Polymers Behave Like Antibodies

November 25, 2013 12:00 pm | by MIT, Anne Trafton | News | Comments

Chemical engineers have developed a novel way to generate nanoparticles that can recognize specific molecules, opening up a new approach to building durable sensors for many different compounds.

Scientists See First-Ever Image of Hydrogen Bonds

November 25, 2013 12:00 pm | by Chinese Academy of Sciences | News | Comments

Chinese scientists have visualized hydrogen bonds through modified non-contact atomic force microscopy for the first time in history.

Chemistry Can Improve Your Thanksgiving

November 25, 2013 7:00 am | by ACS | Videos | Comments

Thanksgiving is a holiday packed with cherished family traditions. But there's always room to experiment, right? Bytesize Science’s latest video features five tips for a better Thanksgiving through chemistry.

Chemist in Lab Scandal Pleads Guilty

November 22, 2013 12:00 pm | by Associated Press | News | Comments

A chemist at a Massachusetts drug lab accused of faking test results in criminal cases has pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice, perjury and tampering with evidence.

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New Method Stabilizes Proteins

November 22, 2013 7:00 am | by Univ. of Connecticut | News | Comments

A research team has found a way to stabilize hemoglobin, the oxygen carrier protein in the blood, a discovery that could lead to the development of stable vaccines and affordable artificial blood substitutes.

Startup Commercializing Catalysts for Refining Oil

November 22, 2013 7:00 am | by MIT, Rob Matheson | News | Comments

A startup company is commercializing technology that would allow oil refineries to process more barrels or run heavier (and less expensive) crude oil feeds, leading to greater yields and profits.

Method is Breakthrough for Biofuel Production

November 21, 2013 12:00 pm | by UC San Diego | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a method to genetically engineer a key growth component for biofuel production in tiny marine algae.

Solar Battery Overcomes Wearable Electronics Hurdle

November 21, 2013 7:00 am | by ACS | News | Comments

Though some people already seem inseparable from their smartphones, even more convenient, wearable, solar-powered electronics could be on the way soon, woven into clothing fibers or incorporated into watchbands.

Texture Trick Allows for Less Salt in Still-Tasty Bread

November 20, 2013 12:00 pm | by ACS | News | Comments

Want to make bread taste pleasantly salty without adding more salt? Change the bread’s texture so it is less dense.

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Method Keeps Cathode Material 'in Line' to Enhance Batteries

November 20, 2013 12:00 pm | by American Institute of Physics | News | Comments

Researchers have fabricated a cathode of lithium cobalt oxide in which the compound's individual grains are aligned in a specific orientation. The researchers claim that this yields a significantly higher performing battery than one with a randomly oriented cathode.

Method Predicts Biomolecule Interaction with Water

November 20, 2013 7:00 am | by American Institute of Physics | News | Comments

A team of biochemists and mathematicians have developed a sophisticated geometric model to predict how a biological molecule will interact with water molecules, computing the results up to 20 times faster than other existing approaches.

Technique Provides Control During Manufacturing of Gold Nanorods

November 20, 2013 7:00 am | by North Carolina State Univ. | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a technique for efficiently producing nanoscale gold rods in large quantities while simultaneously controlling the dimensions of the nanorods and their optical properties.

Microbes Key in Converting Gas to Liquid Fuel

November 19, 2013 7:00 am | by Sandia National Laboratories | News | Comments

Researchers will use their expertise in protein expression, enzyme engineering and high-throughput assays as part of a multi-project endeavor aimed at developing advanced biocatalyst technologies that can convert natural gas to liquid fuel for transportation.

New Photocatalyst Boosts Solar Material

November 19, 2013 7:00 am | by Engineering at Illinois | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a new form of high-performance solar photocatalyst based on the combination of the TiO2 and other “metallic” oxides that greatly enhance the visible light absorption and promote more efficient utilization of the solar spectrum for energy applications.

Pressure Cooking Improves Car Batteries

November 19, 2013 7:00 am | by UC Riverside | News | Comments

By creating nanoparticles with a controlled shape, researchers believe smaller, more powerful and energy efficient batteries can be built. By modifying the size and shape of battery components, they aim to reduce charge times as well.

SlipChip Counts Molecules with Chemistry, Cellphone

November 19, 2013 7:00 am | by Caltech | Videos | Comments

Researchers have demonstrated a method for using a lab-on-a-chip device and a cellphone to determine a concentration of molecules, such as HIV RNA molecules, in a sample.

DNA Motor 'Walks' Along Nanotube

November 18, 2013 12:00 pm | by Purdue Univ. | News | Comments

Researchers have created a new type of molecular motor made of DNA and demonstrated its potential by using it to transport a nanoparticle along the length of a carbon nanotube.

Battery Electrode Heals Itself

November 18, 2013 12:00 pm | by SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory | News | Comments

Researchers have engineered the first self-healing battery electrode, opening a new and potentially commercially viable path for next-generation lithium-ion batteries for use in electric cars, cell phones and other devices.

Overcoming Brittleness: New Insights into Bulk Metallic Glass

November 18, 2013 7:00 am | by Berkeley Lab | News | Comments

A new study may point the way to improving the fatigue resistance of monolithic bulk glasses. It found that a bulk metallic glass based on palladium displayed a fatigue strength as good as the best composite bulk metallic glasses and comparable to regular polycrystalline structural alloys, such as steel, aluminum and titanium.

Biologists ID New Cancer Weakness

November 15, 2013 2:41 pm | by MIT | News | Comments

A new study has found that tumor cells with mutated p53 can be made much more vulnerable to chemotherapy by blocking another gene called MK2. In a study of mice, tumors lacking both p53 and MK2 shrank dramatically when treated with the drug cisplatin, while tumors with functional MK2 kept growing after treatment.

Water Splitter Made of Silicon, Nickel Promises Better Solar Cells

November 15, 2013 2:34 pm | by Stanford Univ. | News | Comments

Researchers have developed an inexpensive device that uses light to split water into oxygen and clean-burning hydrogen. The goal is to supplement solar cells with hydrogen-powered fuel cells that can generate electricity when the sun isn't shining or demand is high. 

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