Cancer-fighting pink pineapples, heart-healthy purple tomatoes and less fatty vegetable oils may someday be on grocery shelves alongside more traditional products. These genetically engineered foods could receive government approval in the coming years, following the OK recently given to apples that don't brown and potatoes that don't bruise.
Researchers have developed a new drug release gel, which may help avoid some of the side effects...
Tiny, burrowing reptiles known as worm lizards became widespread long after the breakup of the...
Common among athletes and soldiers, it is estimated that 3.4 million concussions occur each year in the U.S. The development of a readily available oral supplement would have the potential to improve brain function in a percentage of concussion sufferers. A study suggests antioxidants may play a key role in reducing the long-term effects of concussions and could potentially offer a unique new approach for treatment.
Research has found that some— but not all— of the ant species on the streets of Manhattan have developed a taste for human food, offering insight into why certain ants are thriving in urban environments. The findings stem from a study that tested isotope levels in New York City ants to determine the makeup of their diet.
Tiny, burrowing reptiles known as worm lizards became widespread long after the breakup of the continents, leading scientists to conclude that they must have dispersed by rafting across oceans soon after the extinction of the dinosaurs, rather than by continental drift as previously thought.
A drug, AZD05030, proved disappointing in treating solid tumors but appears to block damage triggered during the formation of amyloid-beta plaques, a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease. A new study, funded by an NIH program to test failed drugs on different diseases, has led to the launch of human trials to test the efficacy of the drug in Alzheimer’s patients.
Physicists have shed light on the intricate dynamics underpinning a mysterious tongue condition that has been puzzling the medical community for decades. Known as geographic tongue, the condition affects around 2 percent of the population and is characterized by evolving red patches on the surface of the tongue that can have a map-like resemblance.
For more than 50 years, scientists had tantalizing clues suggesting that a tiny, boreal forest songbird departs each fall from New England and eastern Canada to migrate nonstop in a direct line over the Atlantic Ocean toward South America. Now, biologists are reporting "irrefutable evidence" that the birds complete a nonstop flight ranging from about 1,410 to 1,721 miles in just two to three days.
Researchers are making progress in using computer modeling and 3-D shape analysis to understand how the unique grasping tails of seahorses evolved. These prehensile tails combine the seemingly contradictory characteristics of flexibility and rigidity, and knowing how seahorses accomplish this feat could help engineers create devices that are both flexible and strong.
When it comes to survival of the fittest, it's all about your mother— at least in the squirrel world. New research shows that adaptive success in squirrels is often hidden in the genes of their mother.
Babies receiving poor nutrition in the womb tend to be smaller at birth, which has been linked to the development of obesity and other health problems later in life. A new study examines how poor fetal nutrition affects protein expression in the fat tissue of adult rats, revealing key differences between males and females.
The desert pupfish has been playing evolutionary catch-up because of the extreme changes in its environment over the last 10,000 years. The shrinking scope of its natural habitat has caused the pupfish to adapt in a surprising way— it essentially goes without oxygen for up to five hour stretches.
The natural, untreated cotton in tampons readily absorbs optical brighteners— chemicals used to enhance whites and brighten colors— that show up under UV light. Using a mix of tests and field trials, researchers have shown that when tampons are suspended in water contaminated by even very small amounts of detergents or sewage, they will pick up optical brighteners and glow under UV light.
Researchers investigated the effects of a diet rich in methionine— an amino acid most abundant in eggs, fish and meats— on memory loss. They found that the diet promoted memory loss through increased methylation of netrin, a protein important for maintaining the brain.
The U.S. pledged today to cut its greenhouse gas emissions up to 28 percent as part of a global treaty aimed at preventing the worst effects of climate change. The Obama administration's contribution to the treaty, which world leaders expect to finalize in December, codifies a commitment the president made late last year in Beijing, when he announced a joint U.S.-China climate deal.
Date syrup— a thick, sweet liquid derived from dates that is widely consumed across the Middle East— shows antibacterial activity against a number of disease-causing bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.
A one thousand year old Anglo-Saxon remedy for eye infections that originates from a manuscript in the British Library has been found to kill the modern-day superbug MRSA in an unusual research collaboration.
In order to develop an extremely sensitive temperature sensor, researchers took a close look at temperature-sensitive plants. However, they did not mimic the properties of the plants— instead, they developed a hybrid material that contains, in addition to synthetic components, the plant cells themselves.
A new study has confirmed the existence of a positive feedback operating in climate change whereby warming itself may amplify a rise in greenhouse gases resulting in additional warming.
On March 31, 1981, microbiologist Ananda Chakrabarty patented a new single cell life form. This led to a long lawsuit over the patent as the U.S. Patent Office felt one could not patent a living organism.
Up to 8 percent of people in the U.S. suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Currently, the only approved therapy for PTSD is SSRIs, such as Zoloft and Paxil, but their effectiveness is marginal. Now, researchers have found that a readily available superfood— the blueberry— could be an effective treatment.
Researchers have studied the underarm microbiome and identified a unique set of enzymes in the bacterium Staphylococcus hominis that is effective at breaking down sweat molecules into compounds known as thioalcohols, an important component of the characteristic body odor smell.
Previously top-secret technology that zooms through the human body down to the level of a single cell could be a game-changer for medicine. The imaging technology, developed by high-tech German optical and industrial measurement manufacturer Zeiss, was originally developed to scan silicon wafers for defects.
A short burst of intensive exercise before eating a high fat meal is better for blood vessel function in young people than the currently recommended moderate-intensity exercise.
Stalagmites, which crystallize from water dropping onto the floors of caves millimeter by millimeter over thousands of years, leave behind a record of climate change encased in stone. Newly published research applied a novel technique to stalagmites from the Australian tropics to create a 2,200-year-long record of flood events that might also help predict future climate change.
To better understand the variety of Salmonella species harbored by captive reptiles, the Staten Island Zoo has teamed up with a college. The researchers want to know how many Salmonella species live among the Staten Island Zoo rattlesnakes. The zoo has a long history of exhibiting one of the most comprehensive rattlesnake collections in the world, currently with 21 of 38 species on display.
Researchers have captured images of the underlying biological activity within brain cells and their tree-like extensions, or dendrites, in mice that show how their brains sort, store and make sense out of information during learning.
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