According to researchers studying the rings of ancient trees in mountainous central Mongolia, the rise of the great leader Genghis Khan and the start of the largest contiguous empire in human history was propelled by a temporary run of nice weather.
A new project has been assessing the archaeoacoustical value of the Welsh bluestones used to...
Scientists who study past pandemics, such as the 14th century Black Death that devastated much...
Researchers have revived a giant virus that’s more than 30,000-years-old, recovered from the permafrost of northeast Siberia.
A section of wall around an ancient shop in Pompeii is the latest casualty of rain in one of Italy's most popular archaeological sites.
Researchers have discovered how Native Americans may have survived the last Ice Age after splitting from their Asian relatives 25,000 years ago.
Plankton in the Earth's oceans received a huge boost when microorganisms capable of creating soluble nitrogen “fertilizer” directly from the atmosphere diversified and spread throughout the open ocean.
Scientists have demonstrated that an abrupt weakening of the summer monsoon affected northwest India 4,100 years ago. The resulting drought coincided with the beginning of the decline of the metropolis-building Indus Civilization, which spanned present-day Pakistan and India.
With the help of a tiny fragment of zircon extracted from a remote rock outcrop in Australia, the picture of how our planet became habitable to life about 4.4 billion years ago is coming into sharper focus.
The DNA of a baby boy who was buried in Montana more than 12,000 years ago has been recovered, and it provides new indications of the ancient roots of today's Native American and other native peoples of the Americas.
A Seattle museum official says construction workers have found a tusk from an ice age mammoth. The find offers an opportunity to study Seattle’s natural history.
An earthquake in Old Jerusalem might be behind the famous image of the Shroud of Turin, says a group of researchers.
Researchers have found that the end-Permian extinction happened in 60,000 years— more than 10 times faster than scientists had previously thought.
Genetic adaptations for life at high elevations, found in residents of the Tibetan plateau, likely originated around 30,000 years ago in peoples related to contemporary Sherpa.
Scientists have, for the first time, sequenced an ancient RNA genome—of a barley virus once believed to be only 150 years old— pushing its origin back at least 2,000 years and revealing how intense farming at the time of the Crusades contributed to its spread.
British scientists have discovered human footprints in England that are at least 800,000-years-old— the most ancient found outside Africa, and the earliest evidence of human life in northern Europe.
Researchers have used DNA testing to give a unique view of the diet of large mammals that roamed the northern hemisphere in the last ice age.
Researchers believe that the first hefty organic molecules may have formed within tiny water droplets. In this kind of confined environment, chemical reactions where two molecules combine to form a new one run much more quickly.
Remnants of Neanderthal DNA in modern humans are associated with genes affecting type 2 diabetes, Crohn’s disease, lupus, biliary cirrhosis and smoking behavior.
Researchers have discovered an additional active process— not excluding an extraterrestrial event— that may have led to high concentrations of nanodiamonds in Younger Dryas-age sediments and in sediments less than 3,000 years old.
Scientists have discovered that two of the world’s most devastating plagues— the plague of Justinian and the Black Death— were caused by distinct strains of the same pathogen, one that faded out on its own, the other leading to worldwide spread and re-emergence in the late 1800s. These findings suggest a new strain of plague could emerge again.
La Braña 1, a 7,000-year-old individual from the Mesolithic Period whose remains were recovered at La Braña-Arintero site in Spain, had blue eyes and dark skin.
Dogs of vastly different sizes have the same paddle stroke underwater. Examining dogs’ paddling techniques could help scientists understand how the ancestors of animals like dolphins went from living on land to swimming in the seas.
A new study, using rabbits as an animal model for humans, offers surprising insights into dietary influences on the growing skull.
Ancient DNA from early Iberian farmers shows that the widely held evolutionary hypothesis of calcium absorption was not the only reason Europeans evolved milk tolerance.
Recreating the story of humanity’s past by studying ancient bones can hit a snag when they deteriorate, but scientists are now reporting an advance, inspired by seashells, that can better preserve valuable remains.
When the temperature rises on Baffin Island, in the Canadian high Arctic, ancient Polytrichum mosses— trapped beneath the ice for thousands of years— are exposed.
With Israel situated in one of the world's earthquake-prone areas, officials are taking action to protect the Holy Land's most important ancient treasures so they don't come tumbling down.
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