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Rome was Founded 100 Years Earlier than Thought

April 17, 2014 12:46 pm | by The Conversation, Laura Swift | News | Comments

It has been reported that new archeological finds have pushed back the age of Rome. A team of archeologists discovered the remains of a wall built to channel water, which dates back to the ninth century BC. This goes against the traditional idea that Rome was founded on April 21, 753 BC by the twins Romulus and Remus.

Meteorites Reveal Clues to Mars' Early Atmosphere

April 17, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Maryland | News | Comments

Geologists who analyzed 40 meteorites that fell to Earth from Mars have unlocked secrets of the...

Study Contradicts Sharks as ‘Living Fossils’

April 16, 2014 1:52 pm | by American Museum of Natural History | News | Comments

The skull of a newly discovered 325-million-year-old shark-like species suggests that early...

Archeologists Use Construction Machinery to Move Mammoth

April 14, 2014 7:00 am | by Associated Press, Marko Drobnjakovic | News | Comments

Serbian archaeologists have used heavy machinery to move a female mammoth skeleton— believed to...

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Climate Drove Evolution of Ice Age Predators

April 11, 2014 7:00 am | by Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County | Videos | Comments

Researchers, working at the famous La Brea Tar Pits, are probing the link between climate warming and the evolution of Ice Age predators, attempting to predict how animals will respond to climate change today.

Daddy Longlegs Used to Have Four Eyes

April 10, 2014 12:32 pm | by American Museum of Natural History | News | Comments

Daddy longlegs have a single pair of eyes that help them navigate habitats in every continent except Antarctica. But a newly described 305-million-year-old fossil found in eastern France shows that wasn’t always the case.

Neanderthals Had Happy Childhoods

April 10, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of York | News | Comments

Archaeologists are challenging the traditional view that Neanderthal childhood was difficult, short and dangerous. A research team is offering a new and distinctive perspective that suggests that Neanderthal children experienced strong emotional attachments with their immediate social group, used play to develop skills and maintained a significant role in their society.

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Study Tests Theory That Life Originated at Deep Sea Vents

April 10, 2014 7:00 am | by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution | News | Comments

One theory about the origin of life is that simple metabolic reactions emerged near ancient seafloor hot springs, enabling the leap from a non-living to a living world. Recent research has found that it may not have been as easy as previously assumed. Instead, the finds could provide a focus for the search for life on other planets.

Technology Unwraps Mummies' Secrets, Not Bodies

April 9, 2014 12:00 pm | by Associated Press, Jill Lawless | News | Comments

Our fascination with mummies never gets old. Now, a museum is using the latest technology to unwrap their ancient mysteries. Scientists have used CT scans and sophisticated imaging software to go beneath the bandages.

Farming Technology Yielded Couch Potatoes

April 9, 2014 7:00 am | by Cambridge Univ. | News | Comments

Research into lower limb bones shows that our early farming ancestors in Central Europe became less active as their tasks diversified and technology improved.

Method Confirms Humans, Neanderthals Interbred

April 8, 2014 12:00 pm | by Genetics Society of America | News | Comments

Technical objections to the idea that Neanderthals interbred with the ancestors of Eurasians have been overcome, thanks to a genome analysis method. The technique can more confidently detect the genetic signatures of interbreeding than previous approaches and will be useful for evolutionary studies of other ancient or rare DNA samples.

We’re the Only Primate Whose Teeth Shrink as Our Brain Grows

April 4, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Granada | News | Comments

Researchers have discovered a curious characteristic of the members of the human lineage: Homos are the only primates where— throughout their 2.5-million year history— the size of their teeth has decreased alongside the increase in their brain size.

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Ancestral Genes Shed Light on Europeans

April 2, 2014 12:00 pm | by Chinese Academy of Sciences | News | Comments

Modern humans of European descent have a lot in common with their Neanderthal ancestors when it comes to genes related to fat breakdown in the brain. Researchers have found that people of European descent have three times the number of Neanderthal-like sequences in such genes compared to other modern human populations examined.

Microbes Did it, in the Ocean, with Nickel

April 1, 2014 12:22 pm | by MIT, David Chandler | News | Comments

New evidence shows methane-producing microbes may be responsible for the largest mass extinction in Earth’s history.

Ancient Burial Boxes Seized in Israel

April 1, 2014 7:00 am | by Associated Press, Jon Gerberg | News | Comments

The Israeli Antiquities Authority have unveiled 11 ancient burial boxes that were recovered by the Israeli Police. The authority says the boxes were recovered in Jerusalem when police observed a suspicious nighttime transaction involving two cars, four individuals and the 11 boxes.

Museum Displays Egyptian Animal Mummies

March 31, 2014 12:00 pm | by Associated Press, John Rogers | News | Comments

Animals held such a prominent place in ancient Egyptian society that tens of millions were mummified, some going into the pharaohs' tombs. Others had their own special cemeteries, where they were buried in coffins as elaborately carved as those of royal family members.

Ancient Clam Gardens Fostered Food Security

March 24, 2014 7:00 am | by Simon Fraser Univ. | Videos | Comments

A three-year study of ancient clam gardens in the Pacific Northwest reveals that coastal First Nations people of Canada used to reap superior harvests using rock-walled beach terraces.

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Dust in the Wind Fertilized the Ice Age

March 21, 2014 12:00 pm | by Princeton Univ. | News | Comments

Researchers have confirmed that, during the last ice age, iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean.

Eyes Are Windows to Evolution

March 20, 2014 12:11 pm | by Cornell Univ. | News | Comments

Why do we become saucer-eyed from fear and squint from disgust? These near-opposite facial expressions are rooted in emotional responses that exploit how our eyes gather and focus light to detect an unknown threat, according to a study.

Researchers Discover a 'Chicken from Hell' Dinosaur

March 20, 2014 8:08 am | by Univ. of Utah | News | Comments

Scientists have unveiled the discovery, naming and description of a sharp-clawed, 500-pound, bird-like dinosaur that roamed the Dakotas with T. rex 66 million years ago, and looked like an 11½-foot-long “chicken from hell.”                         

Researchers Revive 1,500 Year-Old Moss

March 18, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Reading | News | Comments

Researchers have brought back to life moss that was frozen in Antarctic ice for more than 1,500 years. This study is the first to show such long-term survival in any plant.

Archeologists Find Oldest Human with Cancer

March 18, 2014 7:00 am | by Durham Univ. | News | Comments

Archaeologists have found the oldest complete example in the world of a human with metastatic cancer in a 3,000-year-old skeleton.

Chicken Bones Revise History

March 18, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Adelaide | News | Comments

Did the Polynesians beat Columbus to South America? Not according to the tale of migration uncovered by analysis of ancient DNA from chicken bones recovered in archaeological digs across the Pacific.

Study Unearths Data on Thousands of Years of Climate Change

March 14, 2014 7:00 am | by UCLA | News | Comments

Using a cutting-edge research technique, researchers have reconstructed the temperature history of a region that plays a major role in determining climate around the world. The findings will help inform scientists about the processes influencing global warming in the western tropical Pacific Ocean.

Rare Mineral Points to Vast Oceans Beneath the Earth

March 13, 2014 8:00 am | by Univ. of Alberta | News | Comments

An international team of scientists has discovered the first-ever sample of a mineral called ringwoodite. Analysis of the mineral shows it contains a significant amount of water—1.5 percent of its weight—a finding that confirms scientific theories about vast volumes of water trapped 410 to 660 kilometers beneath the Earth, between the upper and lower mantle.

Researchers Reconstruct Cheese Recipe from Early Bronze Age

March 13, 2014 8:00 am | by Max Planck Institute | News | Comments

Scientists are dealing with some very unusual samples: misshapen fragments that turned out to be the remnants of cheese from the Early Bronze Age, making them the earliest known cheese yet to be discovered. Analysis enabled researchers to recreate the recipe for the cheese: like kefir, it was made of milk with the addition of a mixture of bacteria and yeast, and subsequently fermented.

Mild Climate Aided Genghis Khan

March 11, 2014 12:00 pm | by The Earth Institute at Columbia Univ. | News | Comments

According to researchers studying the rings of ancient trees in mountainous central Mongolia, the rise of the great leader Genghis Khan and the start of the largest contiguous empire in human history was propelled by a temporary run of nice weather.

Researchers Assess Acoustics of Stonehenge

March 11, 2014 7:00 am | by Univ. of Bristol | News | Comments

A new project has been assessing the archaeoacoustical value of the Welsh bluestones used to create Stonehenge.

Array Detects Plague in Ancient Human Remains

March 7, 2014 12:00 pm | by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | News | Comments

Scientists who study past pandemics, such as the 14th century Black Death that devastated much of Europe, might soon be turning to an innovative biological detection technology for some extra help.

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