Some of the same chemical reactions that occur in the atmosphere as a result of smog and ozone are actually taking place in your house while you are cleaning. A researcher is taking a closer look at these reactions, hoping to help to determine what byproducts these sweet-smelling compounds are adding to the air while we are using them to remove germs and odors.
Fever? Headache? Muscle aches? Forget about Ebola— chances are astronomically higher that you have the flu or some other common bug. Misinformed patients with Ebola-like symptoms can take up time and resources in busy emergency rooms, and doctors fear the problem may worsen when flu season ramps up.
Researchers have developed a way to use sound to create cellular scaffolding for tissue engineering, a unique approach that could help overcome one of regenerative medicine’s significant obstacles.
Turns out your mom was right: scratching an itch only makes it worse. New research indicates that scratching causes the brain to release serotonin, which intensifies the itch sensation. The find provides new clues that may help break that cycle, particularly in people who experience chronic itching.
Scientists have shown that there is a link between perinatal exposure to BPA at low doses and the risk of developing food intolerance in later life. This research, involving rats, suggests that early life exposure at a dose significantly below the current human safety limit set by the FDA affects developing immune systems, predisposing offspring to food intolerance in adulthood.
Researchers have developed a suite of technologies that can be used to enhance communication between dogs and humans. It has applications in everything from search and rescue to service dogs to training our pets. The platform opens the door to new avenues for interpreting dogs’ behavioral signals and sending them clear and unambiguous cues in return.
An advocacy group says it found about 30 percent of 143 shrimp products bought from 111 vendors were not what the label said. Cheap imported farm-raised shrimp is being sold as prized wild-caught Gulf shrimp, common shrimp sold as premium shrimp and shrimp of all kinds sold with no indication whatsoever about their origin.
New research suggests air pollutants released by unconventional oil and gas production are well over recommended levels in the U.S. The study is the first to be based on community sampling by people who live near production sites and could be used to supplement official air-quality monitoring programs.
To understand the extent to which human activities are polluting Earth’s atmosphere and oceans, it’s important to distinguish human-made pollutants from compounds that occur naturally. New research, based on two years of rainwater samples taken in Bermuda, suggests that ammonium deposited over the open ocean comes almost entirely from natural marine sources.
Federal health regulators have approved the first vaccine to prevent a potentially deadly form of bacterial meningitis often associated with college dormitories. The FDA cleared Pfizer's Trumenba to prevent a subtype of Meningococcal disease in people ages 10 to 25.
Epilepsy is a nervous system disorder in which the nerve cells in the brain work abnormally, causing seizures. Diets high in fat and low in carbohydrates, such as the ketogenic or modified Atkins diet, may reduce seizures in adults with tough-to-treat epilepsy.
Although naturally occurring vibrations have proven extremely useful to seismologists, the vibrations caused by humans haven't been explored in any real depth. Now, researchers are describing their efforts to tap into an urban seismic network to monitor the traffic of trains, planes, automobiles and other modes of human transport.
A Silicon Valley startup is hoping an upcoming transition to smarter credit and debit cards will persuade millions of U.S. merchants to buy savvier payment terminals for their stores, too. That's the point of Poynt, a versatile terminal built to take advantage of rules requiring stores to be equipped to handle payment cards with computer chips by October 2015 to avoid financial liability for fraudulent transactions.
Mary Cushman and a team from the Univ. of Vermont College of Medicine discovered that people with blood type AB may be more likely to develop memory loss in later years than people with other blood types.
Switching to LED lights in factories not only saves energy, it boosts productivity and increases profits, a new study shows. LEDs create less heat than traditional lights, so they help keep factory floors cooler. When workers are more comfortable, they produce more and are less likely to be absent.
Plants rely on sunlight to make their food, but they also need protection from its harmful rays, just like humans do. Now, scientists have discovered a group of molecules in plants that shields them from sun damage.