Today’s climate models predict a 50 percent increase in lightning strikes across the U.S. during this century as a result of warming temperatures associated with climate change.
A new method of observing exactly what happens to drug particles as they travel from an asthma inhaler to the lungs could lead to the development of more efficient asthma treatments. A team of researchers have used a laser beam trap to examine how drug particles from asthma inhalers behave as they are projected through the air.
Not long ago, it would have taken several years to run a high-resolution simulation on a global climate model. But using some of the most powerful supercomputers now available, a climate scientist was able to complete a run in just three months.
A minute paint sample from Vincent van Gogh’s “Sunflowers” painting in Amsterdam is under the microscope. The tiny sample from the Van Gogh Museum is being examined with high resolution 3-D imaging. The analysis is designed to improve understanding of the aging characteristics of significant artworks in a bid to improve conservation techniques.
Leo Baekeland, born Nov. 14, 1863, was a Belgian-American industrial chemist who invented the first thermosetting plastic, Bakelite, which did not soften when heated. His first successful invention was Velox, a photographic paper that could be used with artificial light rather than sunlight, which he sold in 1899 to George Eastman for $1 million.
A study of two African tribes found evidence that men evolved better navigation ability than women because men with better spatial skills– the ability to mentally manipulate objects– can roam farther and have children with more mates.
A polio inoculation in use since the 1950s has all-but eradicated the crippling disease in the developed world, but “wild polio” strains are running rampant in some poorer countries. Now, vaccine technology being developed by a team could hold the key to completely eradicating polio by removing live virus from the vaccine production process.
How homing pigeons find their way home is still largely a mystery. Now, researchers have found that homing pigeons are affected by disturbances in the gravity field and suggest that the birds navigate using an internal gyroscope to guide themselves home.
Scientists have discovered gene mutations that give people naturally lower cholesterol levels and cut their risk of heart disease in half. That discovery may have a big implication: a blockbuster drug that mimics these mutations has long been sold, without evidence, that it cuts the chance of heart disease.
Monsanto Co. says it will pay nearly $2.4 million to settle a dispute with farmers in the Pacific Northwest over genetically modified wheat. No genetically engineered wheat has been approved for U.S. farming, but it was found in Oregon in 2013. That discovery prompted Japan and South Korea to temporarily suspend some wheat orders, and the EU called for more rigorous testing of U.S. shipments.
The surfactant chemicals— used to reduce surface tension between water and oil, allowing for more oil to be extracted from porous rock underground— found in samples of fracking fluid collected in five states were no more toxic than substances commonly found in homes, according to a first-of-its-kind analysis.
Analyzing page views of Wikipedia articles could make it possible to monitor and forecast diseases around the globe, according to research. A team used the site to successfully monitored influenza outbreaks in the U.S., Poland, Japan and Thailand, dengue fever in Brazil and Thailand and tuberculosis in China and Thailand.
A swallowable capsule coated with tiny needles delivers drugs directly into the lining of the digestive tract as a replacement for injections.
The international standard for time is set by atomic clocks— room-sized apparatuses that keep time by measuring the natural vibration of atoms in a vacuum. Now, researchers have come up with a new approach to atomic timekeeping that may enable more stable and accurate portable atomic clocks, potentially the size of a Rubik’s cube.
Chemists have succeeded in twisting a molecule by combining molecular strands of differing lengths. The longer strand winds around a central axis like a staircase banister, creating a helical structure that exhibits special physical properties.