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Forensic Model to Combat Counterfeit Drugs Proposed

April 26, 2016 2:13 pm | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | News | Comments

Bogus medicines promise a lucrative gain for unscrupulous peddlers worldwide. But even if they’re caught, the human health toll has already been taken. A new study proposes to look at the fraudulent phenomenon from a criminology and forensic perspective.

Despite Their Small Brains, Ravens are Just as Clever as Chimps

April 26, 2016 2:08 pm | by Lund University | News | Comments

A new study shows that ravens are as clever as chimpanzees, despite having much smaller brains, indicating that rather than the size of the brain, the neuronal density and the structure of the birds' brains play an important role in terms of their intelligence.

Study Measures Bias in How we Learn and Make Decisions

April 26, 2016 2:04 pm | by Dartmouth College | News | Comments

Thinking about drawing to an inside straight or playing another longshot? Just remember that while human decision-making is biased by potential rewards, what we know about individual cues that help us to make those decisions is biased toward failure, a new study finds.

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Nutrient Supplements Can Give Antidepressants a Boost

April 26, 2016 1:59 pm | by University of Melbourne | News | Comments

An international evidence review has found that certain nutritional supplements can increase the effectiveness of antidepressants for people with clinical depression.

Modern DNA Links Ancient Male Population Explosions to Migration and Technology

April 26, 2016 1:53 pm | by Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute | News | Comments

The largest ever study of global genetic variation in the human Y chromosome has uncovered the hidden history of men. Research reveals explosions in male population numbers in five continents, occurring at times between 55 thousand and four thousand years ago.

HIV-positive Individuals Show Signs of Accelerated Aging

April 26, 2016 11:19 am | by Lauren Scrudato, Associate Editor | News | Comments

HIV-infected individuals are now living longer with the use of antiretroviral therapies, but many patients still display signs of premature aging. In a new study, researchers explored biomarkers hidden in our DNA to determine the “biological” age of HIV patients.  

Rainbow-colored Hydrothermal Systems Show Spectrum of Extreme Life on Earth

April 26, 2016 9:34 am | by Europlanet Media Centre | News | Comments

The Danakil Depression in Ethiopia is one of the most inhospitable places on Earth. Water at near-boiling temperatures bubbles up from underground, high salt concentrations create multi-colored structures, and chlorine and sulfur vapor fogs the air.

Soy Shows Promise as Natural Anti-microbial Agent

April 26, 2016 9:27 am | by University of Guelph | News | Comments

Soy isoflavones and peptides may inhibit the growth of microbial pathogens that cause food-borne illnesses, according to a new study. Soybean derivatives are already a mainstay in food products.

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'Zinc Fireworks' Reveal Human Egg Quality

April 26, 2016 9:23 am | by Northwestern University | News | Comments

A stunning explosion of "zinc fireworks" occurs when a human egg is activated by a sperm enzyme, and the size of these "sparks" is a direct measure of the quality of the egg and its ability to develop into an embryo, according to new research.

Dopamine Neurons Have a Role in Movement

April 26, 2016 9:13 am | by Princeton University | News | Comments

Dopamine, a brain chemical involved in learning, motivation and many other functions, also has a direct role in representing or encoding movement. The finding could help researchers better understand dopamine's role in movement-related disorders.

Patterns of Glowing Sharks get Clearer with Depth

April 26, 2016 9:08 am | by American Museum of Natural History | News | Comments

A team of researchers has found that catsharks are not only able to see the bright green biofluorescence they produce, but that they increase contrast of their glowing pattern when deep underwater.

Evidence of Cheesemaking Found in Prehistoric Pots

April 26, 2016 9:04 am | by University of York | News | Comments

Archaeologists have uncovered evidence that Swiss cheesemaking dates back to prehistoric times, paving the way for such delicacies as Gruyere and Emmental.

Chernobyl at 30: Remediation Still Underway

April 26, 2016 8:54 am | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | News | Comments

Thirty years ago, during a spring night in northern Ukraine, a group of men on the evening shift at a new nuclear plant prepared for a test of an emergency backup system. But the emergency quickly became real.

SPARK Project to Examine DNA of 50,000 Autistic Kids, Looking for Solutions

April 25, 2016 3:04 pm | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | News | Comments

A genomics research project hopes to collect and cross-reference the DNA of 50,000 people to better understand the autism spectrum.

Missing Links Brewed in Primordial Puddles?

April 25, 2016 2:54 pm | by Georgia Institute of Technology | News | Comments

The crucibles that bore out early building blocks of life may have been, in many cases, modest puddles. Now, researchers working with that hypothesis have achieved a significant advancement toward understanding an evolutionary mystery -- how components of RNA and DNA formed from chemicals present on early Earth before life existed.

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